Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Targets I


By the end of the course the student should be able to show:

· Knowledge about the causes and mechanisms that explain the pathophysiological changes of diseases, from a conceptual perspective that goes from the body systems to the molecule.

· Skills of critical thinking, applied to the interpretation of the pathophysiological mechanisms, using the method of construction and analysis of concept maps.

 · Attitudes of information research, individually or in groups, leading to an adequate utilization of available human and technological resources for pathophysiology learning.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Professor Doutor António Rendas


Weekly - Available soon

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





Pathophysiology of Disease; McPhee SJ. Hammer D McGraw-Hill, 7th edition, 2014

Fisiopatologia: fundamentos e aplicações - Anabela Mota Pinto; 2th ed; Lidel 2016

Pathophysiology; Damjanov .WB Elsevier Saunders Co, 2009

Color Atlas of Pathophysiology; Silbernagl, Lang F Thieme,  Thieme Publishers, New York, Stuttgart. 2016 MedMaps for Pathophysiology; Yasmeen Agosti, Pamela Duke, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2008

Renal Pathophysiology: The essentials – Helmut Rennke & Bradley M. Denker 4th ed, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014               
Pathophysiology of Heart Disease – Leonard S. Lilly, 6th ed, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2016

Respiratory Pathophysiology: The essentials – John B. West 8th ed. Williams & Wilkins, 2013

Teaching method

Each block is organized in lectures and tutorial sessions and its objective is to promote the learning of the pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases. During the tutorial sessions, students will use short clinical cases, from where conceptual maps will be constructed and analysed. (see complementary information “Organização das sessões tutoriais”).

The methodology of constructing and analysing conceptual maps, in the pathophysiology context, corresponds to the visual explicitness of previously acquired and of new knowledge and to its application in the understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms. This methodology contributes to a “meaningful learning”, based in previous knowledge and on its application to short clinical cases.

Evaluation method


Subject matter

An introduction to the conceptual study of pathophysiology: from syndrome to diseasome. The use on conceptual maps in teaching and learning of pathophysiology. Pathophysiological mechanisms of fever.  Physiologic adaptations in ageing.  Pathophysiology of digestive motility disorders.  Pathophysiology of disorders of liver and pancreatic function.  Pathophysiology of malabsorption syndrome.  Methods for functional evaluation of the digestive system.  Pathophysiology of mechanics of ventilation.   Obstructive and Restrictive syndromes.  Breathing control disorders.  Hypoxia mechanisms. Pathophysiology of respiratory failure.  Methods for evaluation of respiratory function.  Pathophysiology of anemic syndrome (acute/chronic).  Pathophysiology of disorders of blood pressure regulation.  Pathophysiology of heart pump disorders. Pathophysiology of heart failure. Pathophysiology of circulatory shock.  Methods for functional evaluation of the heart.  Pathophysiology of electrolyte and acid-base balance disorders.  Pathophysiology of glomerular and tubular disorders.  Pathophysiology of chronic renal failure.  Pathophysiology of acute renal failure.  Pathophysiology of hypothalamic-hypophyseal disorders.  Pathophysiology of adrenal disorders. Pathophysiology of thyroid gland disorders.  Adaptation to tropical environment in health and disease.  Cardio-respiratory adaptations to physical activity: from physiology to pathophysiology. Pathophysiology of diseases related with smoking and air pollution. Pathophysiology of diseases related with altitude and depth. The relevance of the biological concept of stress in pathophysiology.


Programs where the course is taught: