Translational and Precision Medicine

Objectives

Translational Medicine is defined as scientific research that helps speed up the translation of scientific discovery into clinical practice and effective amelioration of human health and wellbeing. Thus, Translational Medicine is responsible for bridging the gap, exploring and converting, from basic research or population studies into clinical application, potentiating the available instruments of diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of specific pathologies.

Precision medicine is an approach to treat and prevent pathologies that seeks to exploit effectiveness by taking into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle.

By the end of the course students must have acquired knowledge and competences regarding the entire process associated with Translational and Precise Medicine.

 

General characterization

Code

1091008

Credits

5

Responsible teacher

Maria Paula Borges de Lemos Macedo

Hours

Weekly - Available soon

Total - Available soon

Teaching language

English

Prerequisites

 

Bibliography

* Principles of Translational Science in Medicine. From Bench to Bedside. Edited by: Martin Wehling, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg, Germany, 2010;

* Translational Medicine: The Future of Therapy? Edited by: James Mittra; Christopher-Paul Milne by Pan Stanford Publishing, 2013;

* Translational Medicine: Strategies and Statistics Methods. Dennis Comatos and Shein-Chung Chow (eds) 1st edition, CRC Press, 2008;

* EATRIS, a European initiative to boost translational biomedical research; Guus AMS van Dongen, Anton E Ussi3, Frank H de Man, Giovanni Migliaccio; Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2013;

* Emerging applications of metabolomics in drug discovery and precision medicine. Wishart DS1,2,3. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2016 Mar 11. doi: 10.1038/nrd.2016.32;

* Biobanking Comes of Age: The Transition to Biospecimen Science. Vaught J.Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 2016 Jan 6;56:211-28. doi: 10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-010715-103246;

* MEDICINE. Personalization in practice. Iyengar R1, Altman RB2, Troyanskya O3, FitzGerald GA4. Science. 2015 Oct 16;350(6258):282-3. doi: 10.1126/science.aad5204;

* The precision medicine initiative: a new national effort.Ashley EA. JAMA. 2015 Jun 2;313(21):2119-20. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.3595;

* A new initiative on precision medicine. Collins FS, Varmus H. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 26;372(9):793-5. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1500523.

 

Teaching method

This course is based on swift theoretical introductions, designed to give context regarding the fields of knowledge to be explored, meant to be further detailed by the students themselves through the preparation and discussion.

These group discussions are to be complemented by the studentÂ’s critical analysis of scientific papers in Translational and Precision Medicine.

A multidisciplinary learning is paired with an effective mentoring approach, in which the students will be divided in working groups, with a tutor/group, accompanied by faculty/researcher members who will provide guidance and stimulate discussion. This will facilitate and promote critical thinking of the students.

 

Evaluation method

The evaluation is done through a final evaluation based on a project in Translational Medicine and / or Precision, which is worth 50% of the final grade, with the remainder obtained through the evaluation of student participation and discussion capacity (15%), presentation and discussion of scientific articles (15%), ability to apply knowledge acquired in Translational and Precision research (20%).

Subject matter

Basic Discovery: the foundation of Translational Medicine;

Strategies to approach mechanisms of disease;

From the Clinic to the Bench and back to Clinic;

Biomarkers for Precise Medicine;

The omics era;

Pharmacogenomics and Precise Medicine;

Designing translational medicine projects;

Impact of translational medicine in chronic diseases and ageing detailing metabolic diseases, frailty and regenerative medicine;

Tales of Translational Medicine (Study Cases).

 

 

Programs

Programs where the course is taught: