Carcinogenesis - underlying molecular and cellular alterations
Understanding molecular and cellular mechanisms, underlying carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Initiation of the students in the practice of basic and translational research in oncobiology. Acquisition of theoretical and practical knowledge on techniques of molecular biology and cytological and histological analysis. Evaluation of data and compilation of experiences with scientific rigor.
Weekly - Available soon
Total - Available soon
Lectures - theoretical approach to the subjects listed in the "curriculum" of the UC;
Seminars - presentation of works developed by students in the UC;
Practical Classes - development of experimental work, whenever possible, students will contact with professionals who are active on issues that are addressed in UC.
Development of a scientific report in an article format (20%);
Presentation and Discussion (30%);
Written examination (50%).
Genetic variants (structural alterations and mutations in the DNA) and epigenetic alterations (changes in chromatin that regulates gene expression) involved in the development and progression of cancer, giving primary emphasis to the pathophysiology and morphology of lesions. Genetic predisposition for cancer development - susceptibility genes. Signalling pathways which are predominantly altered in cancer, including WNT pathway, MAPK and PI3K. Cell adhesion molecules. Extracellular matrix component. Metabolic pathways which are predominantly altered in cancer, namely aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative respiration, gluconeogenesis, synthesis and ß-oxidation of fatty acids and cholesterol. Translating the knowledge of molecular alterations into diagnosis and therapy in cancer. Experimental work in vitro using cancer cell lines and molecular biology techniques. National and foreign researchers of recognized merit in the respective scientific areas will be invited for lectures and seminars.
Programs where the course is taught: