Republican Roman Archaeology - 1st semester


1. To know the historic and cultural evolution of the Mediterranean from V-I B.C.
2. To acquire general and actualized knowledge on the archaeology of western Mediterranean societies in contact with Rome between V-I B.C.
3. To know the shaping of territory in Roman Republican period
4. To be able to identify the different site types and construction techniques wich are specifically roman or italic, with special reference to Hispania and, particularly, nowadays Portugal.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Docente a definir


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





FABIÃO, C., A Herança Romana em Portugal. Lisboa, CTT Correios de Portugal, 2006.
PIMENTA, J., As ânforas romanas do Castelo de São Jorge (Lisboa), Instituto Português de Arqueologia, Trabalhos de Arqueologia, 41, 2005.
AAVV, Hispania – El Legado de Roma, Mérida, Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, 1999.
MEDINA, J. (dir.), História de Portugal- dos tempos pré-históricos aos nossos dias, vol.
II, O mundo luso-romano (coord. V.S.Gonçalves), Amadora, Ediclube, 1993.
PY, M. (dir.), Dicocer-Dictionaire de Céramiques Antiques (siècles VII a.C. – VII d.C.) en Méditerranée Nord-Occidentalle (Provence, Languedoc, Ampurdan), Lattara, 6, Association pour la Recherche Archéologique en Languedoc Oriental. 1993.
KEAY, S., Roman Spain, Londres, British Museum Publications, Col. Exploring the Roman World, 1988.

Teaching method

Masterly conducted sessions with image projections. Pratical sessions including handling archaeological artifacts. Visits to archaeological sites and museums.

Evaluation method

Two writen items, one of wich is a test and the other another test or a paper based on pratical work.

Subject matter

1. Roman Republic and Classical Archaeology. Theoretical perspectives on Romanization. Concepts of the discipline. Roman Republic Archaeology: an example of Contact Archaeology. Romanitas versus Indigeneous Society: the archaeological perspective of change. Diversity of the archaeological record in Roman republican Age.
2. The sites. The Roman concepts on territory and its perception. Roman urbanism en Roman Republican Period. The Vrbs and colonies. The fora, temples, balnea and houses. Construction materials and typologies and architectonic decoration elements. Urban and suburban spaces. Military sites and uiae: the arcaheology of the conquest. Rural exploitation units.
3. Artifacts: methodologies, concepts, and the interpretation of material evidence in Roman Republic Period. “Black glazed wares”. Amphorae: italic and provincial models between IV-I B.C. Italic “Thin Walled” Wares. Roman and helenistic lamps. Common wares and other potteries. Militaria and personal items. Coins and its significance.
4. Sites and Contexts. Functional and chronological characterization of Roman Republican Contexts. Study Cases in Hispania: the main reference contexts.


Programs where the course is taught: