Latin II - 2nd semester


a) To be able to read and understand Latin texts, with some extension and with a basic / medium level of difficulty.

b) To learn the skills to translate Latin language into Portuguese, in order to improve the knowledge of the native language.

c) To be able to translate simple phrases from Portuguese to Latin.

d) To be able to understand and recognize the most important structural changes that took place between Latin language and Portuguese throughout time.

e) To learn the essential of the Roman literature and of the Roman culture in order to understand the texts.

f) To relate some aspects of the Roman culture to others of the western culture.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria do Rosário Laureano Santos


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language



Don´t have


FERREIRA, A. G. (2008), Dicionário de Latim Português. Lisboa: Porto Editora.

GAFFIOT, F. (2008), Dictionnaire illustré latin-français. Paris: Hachette.

LEWIS, C.T., SHORT, C. (1963), Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

LOURENÇO, F. (2019), Nova Gramática do Latim. Lisboa: Quetzal.

MICHEL, J. (1967), Grammaire de base du Latin. Paris: Klincksieck.

MONTEIL, P. (1974), Eléments de phonétique et de morphologie du latin. Paris: Nathan.

WILLIAMS, E.B. (1991), Do latim ao português. Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro.

Teaching method

The classes will be mainly practical and will be used the direct method of teaching Latin.

Evaluation method

The evaluation will be based in two written texts, counting each one 45% of the final mark; the 10% left, will be given to the students participation in the classroom.

Subject matter

I. Historical phonetic: 1. phonetic changes: apophony, rhotacism, assimilation, apocope (occasional references).
II. Historical morphology: 1. the degrees of the adjectives; pronouns and numerals; 2. the verbs: voice and aspect; the opposition between infectum / perfectum; active and passive voices; the nominal forms; the periphrastic voices; the deponent verbs.
III Syntax: 1. the cases and their functions; the agents in passive voices; the ablative absolute. 2. the compound sentence: the relative and the circumstantial clauses; the infinitive clause.
IV. Lexicology: 1. the history and the structure of the Latin words; 2. word families.


Programs where the course is taught: