Ocean Geography


a) To recognize the importance of the World Ocean for the functioning of the Earth system and the country;
b) To know how the ocean works and its interaction with the atmosphere and continents;
c) To know the main ocean resources, its importance and main forms of exploitation;
d) Acknowledge the main problems the ocean faces;
e) To recognize the importance of the ocean to Portugal.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Available soon


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





Carré, F.(1983). Les océans. Paris: PUF, pp.28-50; 75-83; 84-95.

Minster, J-F. (1998). A máquina oceano. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget.

Miossec, A. (dir.) (2014). Géographie des mers et des océans. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, p.1-243.

Souto, H. (2007). Comunidades de pesca artesanal em Portugal na última década do século XX. Lisboa: Academia de Marinha.

Vanney, J. (2002). Géographie de l´océan global. Paris: Éditions Scientifiques GB, pp. 3-24; 117-136.

Teaching method

Teaching methodologies:
Lectures and participatory classes. Interpretation of texts, pictures and videos. Discussion of case studies.

Evaluation method

Evaluation elements:
Written test [50%];
Written work (15-20 pages) supported by independent research and / or field work [35%] and oral presentation [10%];
Participation and attendance [5%].

Note: According to the FCSH Assessment Standards, the proposed evaluation elements to introduce students in the first class may suffer readjustments, particularly in the percentage weight of each element.

Subject matter

1) Characteristics of oceanic spaces
1.1 Ocean water properties;
1.2 Wave movements (waves, tides, tsunamis);
1.3 Currents and surface and deep circulation
2) Ocean Morphology and its banks
2.1 Continental margins and ocean floor;
2.2 Passive and active margins;
2.3 The Portuguese continental margin.
3) Biological resources, their exploitation and management
3.1 Life in the ocean;
3.2 Fishing gear;
3.3 Farming plants and animals.
4) Non-Biological resources
4.1 Salt and desalinated water;
4.2 Mineral resources
4.3 Energy resources
5) The importance of the ocean
5.1 Biological, economic, strategic and security values;
5.2 The United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (CDUDM);
5.3 The extent of the Continental Shelf;
5.4 Ocean´s importance for Portugal.


Programs where the course is taught: