Physical Geography - Climatology - 1st semester


a) To know the main physical characteristics and movements of Earth and its connection to seasonal and latitudinal climate variations;
b) To understand the basis of the global atmospheric circulation;
c) To perceive the climatic diversity of the Earth, its causes and consequences;
d) To use with critical sense and to map climatic data;
e) To analyse synoptic weather maps;
f) To identify and to explain the several climate types.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Carlos Russo Machado, José Eduardo Ventura


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





DAVEAU, S. (1999). Ambiente Geográfico Natural. (4th ed.). Lisboa: Col. Humanismo e Ciência. Edições João Sá da Costa, p. 17-75.

AGUADO, E. & BURT, J. E. (2014). Understanding Weather and Cimate. (6th ed.). Essex: Pearson. 590p. ou/or

BARRY, R.G. & CHORLEY, R.J. (2010). Atmosphere Weather & Climate. (9th ed.). Londres: Methuen & Co Ltd, 421p. ou/or

CUADRAT, J. Mª. & PITA, Mª. F. (2014). Climatología. (7th ed.). Madrid: Ediciones Cátedra. 496p. ou/or

ESTIENNE, P. & GODARD, A. (1990), Climatologie, (8th ed.). Paris: Col. U. Armand Colin. 367p. ou/or

MAYES, J. & HUGHES, K. (2004). Understanding weather: A visual approach. Londres: Arnold. 188p. ou/or

SHNK, J. (2013). Introducing Meteorology: a guide to Weather. London: Dunedin Acadfemic Press Ltd. 149p.

Teaching method

- Theoretical Lessons where the main topics of the program are presented and discussed the Syllabus with the pupils.
- Practical Lessons with presentation of climatic data sources (type of data, its meaning and cartographic representation; analysis and interpretation of synoptic weather maps and its relation to the weather types).

Evaluation method

- Reading selected texts to be evaluate in written tests (20%+40%)
- Participation and work of the student in the classroom and practice written test (5%+30%)
- Assiduity (5%)

(According to the FCSH Assessment Standards, the proposed evaluation elements to introduce students in the first class may suffer readjustments, particularly in the percentage of each element).

Subject matter

1. Planet Earth: Form, Dimensions and Movements.

2. Different Illumination/Heating of the Globe - Zonal and Seasonal Thermal Variation

3. Atmosphere Structure and Composition.

4. Heat Imbalance and the Man`s influence.

5. Atmospheric Moisture, Evaporation, Condensation, Clouds and Precipitation.

6. Air Masses and Fronts.

7. Highs and Lows Pressure areas and Movements of the Atmosphere.

8. The Climates of the Earth.

9. Climate Change: causes and consequences.


Programs where the course is taught: