History and Theory of the State in Portugal - 1st semester


1. The state as a field of enquiry in political science: main traditions and authors.
2. The modern nation-state: concepts, dynamics and variance in historical western Europe.
3. The dynamical evolution of the Portugueses state since the beginning of the early modern period, from the point of view of the construction of a nation-state, specifically os the various processes of modernization, centralization and widening of scope, in its relation to the individual, the territory, the society and the economy.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Rui Branco


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





ALMEIDA, Pedro Tavares de e Branco, Rui Miguel, coords., Burocracia, Estado e Território, Lisboa, Horizonte, 2007.
HESPANHA, António Manuel, Guiando a Mão Invisível. Direitos, Estado e Lei no Liberalismo Monárquico Português, Coimbra, Almedina, 2004.
LUCENA, Manuel de, A Evolução do Sistema Corporativo, 2 vols., Porto, Ed. Perspectivas e Realidades, 1976.
MARQUES, A. H. Oliveira, coord., História da 1.ª República Portuguesa : as estruturas de base, Lisboa, Iniciativas Editoriais, 1978.
SANTOS, Boaventura de Sousa, Estado e Sociedade em Portugal, Porto, Afrontamento, 1990.
SILVEIRA, Luís Espinha da, Território e Poder. Nas origens do Estado Contemporâneo em Portugal, Cascais, Patrimonia Historica, 1997.

Teaching method

Lectures introducing the major topics of the course, and presentation and discussion of selected texts by the students.

Evaluation method

Two examinations tests, written in the classroom.

Subject matter

1. The study of the state in political science: traditions, concepts, methods and processes
2. The formation of the modern nation-state
3. The state in early modern Portugal
4. Before the Leviathan: the pre-revolutionary, corporative state
5. The Old Regime and Revolution: continuity and change in state-building
6. The formation of the Portuguese Liberal state in the 19th century
7. The consolidation of the Liberal state from mid-19th century
8. Liberal crisis and authoriarian transition: the Republic and the First World War
9. The New State: outlook and evolution
10. The Old New State: crisis, failed transition and revolution
11. The democratic state: revolution, social policies and Europe: current trends and challenges