Philosophical Anthropology - 2nd semester


a). Acquire a basic historical-philosophical knowledge in the field of Anthropology.
b). Acquire the ability to recognize and understand the main tendencies and features of the European philosophical tradition regarding the concept of human nature.
c). Develop a critical attitude and acquire the ability to reflect on the main issues of Philosophical Anthropology.
d) Acquire a basic knowledge of the complex and multilayered problems that exist in the field of Philosophical Anthropology and of the different research areas that intersect in it.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

João Pardana Constâncio


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





HEIDEGGER, M., Sein und Zeit, Hamburg, Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1927 (várias reimpressões)
HEIDEGGER, M., Nietzsche 1 (GA 6.1), Frankfurt a.M, Vittorio Klostermann, Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1996
HEIDEGGER, M., Nietzsche 2 (GA 6.2), Frankfurt a.M, Vittorio Klostermann, Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1996
HEIDEGGER, M., Holzwege (GA 5), Frankfurt a.M, Vittorio Klostermann, Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1977
CONSTÂNCIO, J., Arte e niilismo: Nietzsche e o enigma do mundo, Lisboa, tinta-da-china, 2013

Teaching method

(a) Most classes are dialogued lectures.
(b) Several of them work as a \"seminar\" (with reading, commentary, and analyses of texts projected in pdf format).
(c) Other classes (so-called \"practical\" classes) consist in critical discussions with the students of previously presented themes and problems.

Evaluation method

(e) Students are firstly evaluated by an exam that takes place after the first half of the course, which weighs 20% in the final mark;
(f) The crucial element is an exam at the end of the semester (70%);
(g) A positive participation in the classes is valued (10%).

Subject matter

The course is a reflection about the conception of the human being involved in Heidegger´s concept of Dasein. The study of this concept will be based, first of all, on the analysis and commentary of one of Heidegger´s most important texts about Nietzsche: the volume titled \"Nietzsche 1\". In this volume, Heidegger questions Nietzsche´s conception of the human (\"the valuating animal par excellence\" etc) by reflecting on how Nietzsche modifies (but does not eliminate or overcome) Plato´s view of the human being as a living soul intrinsically constituted by a thinking relation to truth. According to Heidegger, only a critique of truth more radical than Nietzsche´s can lead to an adequate understanding of the concept of Dasein and, thus, to a conception of the human that breaks away from the Western tradition and allows one to think through the main themes of the \"second Heidegger\": the critique of technology, the overcoming of modern subjectivism, the forgetting of Being, etc.


Programs where the course is taught: