Formation of Portugal: Antecedents


a)Acquire specific knowledge on the historiography of the period and the main tendencies of present day research.
b)Induce theoretical knowledge to the students which will allow them to understand the process which led to the affirmation of Portugal as an independent Kingdom, and to analyze such process in a critical form.
c)Understand and Explain the main events and processes, as well as the problematic of the period and area under study.
d)Develop methodological analysis and familiarity with the sources
e)Develop written and oral exposition techniques, integrating vocabulary and categories common to the particular time under study
f) Develop a reflexive attitude towards the acquired knowledge.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

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Weekly - 4

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Teaching language





História de Portugal (dir. José Mattoso) vol. I – Antes de Portugal, (coord. José Mattoso), Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 1992
Nova História de Portugal, (dir. Joel Serrão e A. H. Oliveira Marques), v. II - Portugal, das Invasões Germânicas à “Reconquista”, (coord. A. H. Oliveira Marques), vol. III- Portugal em Definição de Fronteiras (coord. de Maria Helena Coelho e Armando Luís Carvalho Homem) Lisboa, Presença, 1993, 1996
História de España Alfaguarra, (dir. Miguel Artola), vol. 2 - La época Medieval, por José Angel GARCÍA DE CORTAZAR, Madrid, Alianza, 1988 (reedição actualizada)
ÁLVAREZ PALENZUELA, V.A. e SUÁREZ FERNÁNDEZ, L., Historia de España, vol. 5- La España Musulmana y los inícios de los reinos critianos (711-1157), Madrid, Ed. Gredos, 1988
GARCÍA MORENO, Luís A., História de la España Visigoda,Madrid, Cátedra, 1989
PICARD, Christophe, Le Portugal Musulman (VIII- XIII siécles) . L’Occident d’al- Andalus sous la domination islamique, Paris, Maisonneuve & Larouse, 2000. .

Teaching method

Theoretical lectures and practical classes, in which the combination of lectures and debate on primary sources and recent articles may develop in the students not only the necessary basic knowledge, but also a specific competence in debating and updating their perspectives on the construction of the History of Portugal and its sources.

Evaluation method

The student’s assessment will be done in two moments: 1) Oral presentation (with power point) on a specific question, based on source materials 30% of the final mark); 2) written test with consultation (70% of final mark)

Subject matter

This course aims at guiding the students through a parcourse in which we will look at the processes and factors which characterized the social occupation of the space which would later become Portugal, and the factors which contributed to the birth of a new Kingdom during the 12th century.

I- Germanic Domination
1.Invasion of Hispania and the partition of 411: characteristics and contours
2.Economy and society: Kings, Bishops and Noblemen
3.Braga and the Hispanic Culture
II- Muslim Period
3.Conquest and Settlement- territorial organization and political evolution
4.Society and Economy: social structures and administrative regime
III- Asturian Kingship and Reconquest
4.Space and Power organization in Asturian JKingdom
5.“Reconquista”” – birth and critique of the concept
6.Culture and Writing
7.Of War and Conb«vivium between Muslims and Christians
IV- Portugal in the Kingdom of León
1.Fernando I and the promotion of the new nobility: territory and society in the Entre Douro e Minho
2.Portuguese County and Alfonso VI: the roots for a quarrel
3.Sisters: Urraca and Teresa
4.Cousins: Afonso Henriques of Portugal and Alfonso VII of León


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