International Institutions - 2nd semester


The course is structured around the development of International Organizations, since their inception in the 20th century until the transition to the 21st century. The course analyzes the genesis and the development of international organizations, their structure, as well as their successes and failures. The course aims at analyzing the main factors that explain their adaptation to the end of the Cold War.

The course takes an historical-thematic focus and aims at identifying the resemblances and differences in the development of the different international institutions. The course takes resource at literature both in Portuguese and English.

The course aims to give the student:
• A deep knowledge of the development of international institutions in the context of the Second World War and their adaptation to the end of the Cold War. Students are expected to acquire not only a precise knowledge of the main international institutions, its structure and functioning but also the circumstances and constraints influencing the pursuit of their objectives.
• The understanding of the theories that explains its development.
• An understanding of the specialized literature-

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Madalena Meyer Resende


Weekly - 4

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





Margaret P. Karns and Karen A. Mingst, International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004.).
Clive Archer, International Organizations, 3e ed., (London: Routledge, 2001).
David Baldwin, Neorealism and neoliberalism: The contemporary debate, (NewYork: Columbia University Press, 1994).
John Baylis and Steve Smith, The globalization of world politics: an introduction to international relations, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Teaching method

The course will be taught in twenty three classes of two hours taking place in the first semester. The classes will be structured in the following way: one hour of exposition by the professor followed, from class 4 onwards, by a group presentation by the students on the topic of the class.

Evaluation method

Written essay, oral presentation and participation in class:

Each student will prepare an essay during the semester, to be delivered in class on the 8 of December. The length of the essay is 2000 words. Each student, together with one or two other students, will prepare a theme for presentation in class. The presentation will last 30 minutes. The written essay and the class presentation are worth 50 percent of the final grade (30+20). Students are obliged to submit the two evaluation methods (written essay and class presentation) in order to be graded.

Written examination:

The course will also be evaluated by a written examination lasting two hours, at the end of the first semester. Each student will answer three of twelve questions. The written examination is worth 50 percent of the final grade.

Working students (formal status):

Working students can choose to be evaluated only by a written examination, that is worth 100 percent of the final grade.

Subject matter

1. The historical context of the genesis of the international institutions.
2. The main theories on the international institutions.
3. Global Institutions: an introduction.
4. The system of the United Nations: the functioning of its main organs.
5. The system of the United Nations II. The human rights regime and the humanitarian interventions.
6. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
7. The World Trade Organization.
8. The International Criminal Court.
9. Regional Institutions: na introduction.
10. The European Union: genesis and structure.
11. The European Union: development and adaptation.
12. The European Union: policies and explanatory theories.
The European Union after the Cold War: enlargements, institutional reforms and CFSP.
13. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization: genesis, structure and adaptation.
14. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe: functions and decline.
15. The Xangai Cooperation Organization.
16. Comparative analysis of the genesis and structure of International Institutions.
17. Comparative analysis of the adaptation of International Institutions to the end of the Cold War.
18. Case Study Case: Global warming and the Kyoto Protocol.
19. Case Study: International Institutions and Democracy Promotion.
20. Non-Governmental Organizations and its relations with International Organizations.