Human Rights - 2nd semester


The seminar HUMAN RIGHTS aims to provide an overview of the Human Rights evolution, from the founding texts of the European-Western eighteenth-century, up to the current problems and challenges, in order to meet the fields of interest of each student.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Sofia Isabel Gomes Santos


Weekly - 2

Total - Available soon

Teaching language




-- Ius Gentium Conimbrigensis, (FDUC), \"Compreender os Direitos Humanos\", Vital Moreira, Carla de Marcelino Gomes (coord.), Coimbra Editora. Acessível online em: - Frédéric Sudre (2016), \"Droit International et Européen des Droits de L´Homme\", Puf - Rhona K.M. Smith (2019), \"International Human Rights\", Oxford - Henry Steiner, Philip Alston (2012), \"International Human Rights in Context\", Oxford - Richard Layton and Hugh Tomlinson (2009), The Law of Human Rights, Oxford - Teresa Pizarro Beleza and Helena Pereira de Melo (2009) ‘Human Rights Guidelines. From the Constitution to Sugar Bags’ in “60 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Europe”, eds V. Jaichand e M. Suksi, Intersentia - Teresa Pizarro Beleza (2010), Direito das Mulheres e da Igualdade Social, Almedina - Teresa Pizarro Beleza, «Women´s Rights in International Law», in Gender Violence, cadernos IDN, 2013 - Ana Rita Gil (2017), Imigração e Direitos Humanos, Petrony

Teaching method

Discussion and problematization of history and the several current human rights challenges in dialogue with students.

Evaluation method

The evaluation is based on a written essay (Relatório), designed to elaborate, however briefly, on the chosen research topic. It should focus on a specific problem. The topic is first presented in class and the written version should not exceed 7,500 words.

Subject matter

- Human Rights as an attribute of every human being; - Human Rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent; - Basic principles, in particular equality, non-discrimination; - The great founding texts: from the Declaration of Independence (USA) and the French Revolution to the present day: the progressive universalization of Human Rights; - From the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Covenants (Bill of Rights) to specialized conventions: CEDAW (Gender Equality), CAT (Torture) ... universal and regional, or supranational (EU) Conventions; - The main international mechanisms (UN mechanisms) and regional mechanisms for protection, in particular the work of the ECHR (Council of Europe); - The most pressing current issues; - Identification and analysis of the fields of specific interest of each student.


Programs where the course is taught: