Classical Sociological Theories


To provide students with: (1) the bases for an in-depth and metatheoretical knowledge of the main authors, currents and traditions of sociological thought; (2) an educational environment that facilitates the reflection and debate on the classical theoretical perspectives of sociology.
The student will acquire:
In-depth metatheoretical understanding ofthe different currents of the classical sociological thought;
Ability to collect, select and interpret relevant information in the areas studied, mobilizing and articulating it in the context of advanced learning;
Ability to discuss relevant issues and topics, engaging in debates developed in the context of advanced learning;
Ability to write texts according to existing conventions in the academy, articulating ideas and justifying arguments;
Oral communication skills to express their ideas and arguments clearly and comprehensively.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Available soon


Weekly - 2

Total - Available soon

Teaching language

Portuguese with teacher supervision in FL



Andersen et al. (2000). Classical and modern social theo. Oxf.: Blackwell
Almeida, J. F. (2007). Velhos e novos aspect. epistem. c. sociais. Sociol. Prob. Prát. (55),11-24
Berthelot. (2000). Novos desafios epistem sociologia. Sociol. Prob. Prát (33), 111-131
Collins. (2009). 4 Tradi. Sociológ. Petrópolis: Vozes
Comissão GGulbenkian. (1995). Para abrir as c. soc. M. Martins: Europa-América
Crompton. (2008). Forty years of sociology. Sociology, 42 (6), 1218-1227
Dortier. (2009). Les sciences humaines. Auxerre: Ed.Sciences Humaines
Lallement. (2003). História das ideias sociológ.: Das origens a M. Weber. Petrópolis: Vozes
Lallement. (2004). História das ideias sociológ.: De Parsons aos contemporâneos. Petrópolis: EdVozes.
McLennan. (2011). Story of sociology: A 1st companion to social theory. London: Bloomsbury
Turner (Ed.). (2006). Handbook of sociological theory. NY: Springer
Wieviorka (Ed.). (2007). Les sciences sociales en mutation. Auxerre: Éd. Sciences Humaines

Teaching method

Lectures articulated with pedagogical constructivist approaches: critical analysis of selected texts; analysis and discussion of documents through individual and/or group work. Oral presentations of working papers and debate.

Evaluation method

Students shall write down a working paper and present it in public. Written essay: 80%; oral presentation ad debate: 10%; Class attendance and participation: 10%.

Subject matter

1. The philosophical background of sociological thought and the birth of the social sciences
2. Relevant precursors: Saint Simon, Herbert Spencer, Vilfredo Pareto, Auguste Comte
3. The main reference founders: Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber
4. The institutionalization of sociology on both sides of the Atlantic
5. The differentiation of sociology: sociological traditions up to the mid-twentieth century
6. Conclusion: the classical legacy


Programs where the course is taught: