Hydraulics I


To give students knowledge in the areas of dimensional analysis, hydrostatics, pressure flows, characteristics and selection of pumps and turbines, flows through orifices and weirs and free-surface flows. At the end of the curricular unit students should have the following abilities:

• Expertise in the computation of hydrostatic forces acting on different surfaces.

• Expertise in the fundamental concepts of hydro-kinematics and hydrodynamics (pressures, mean velocities, forces, stresses and energy balances).

• Expertise in the hydraulic computation of steady flows in conduits under pressure.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

António Pedro de Nobre Carmona Rodrigues, João Nuno Sequeira Fernandes


Weekly - 5

Total - Available soon

Teaching language



Lab sessions attendance (minimum 2/3) and accomplishment of 3 lab experiments with correspondent lab reports.


Base Bibliography:

1. Slides of the lectures (available at CLIP)

2. Quintela, A. "Hidráulica", ed. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1996, 5ª ed.

Complementar Bibliography:

1. Chow, V.T. (1959), "Open-Channel Hydraulics", McGraw-Hill

2. Evett, J.B.; Liu, C. (1988), "2500 solved problems in Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics", McGraw-Hill

3. Lencastre, A. (1983), "Hidráulica Geral", Hidroprojecto, Lisboa

4. Nakayama, Y.; Boucher, R. (1998). "Introduction to Fluid Mechanics", Elsevier

Teaching method

Lectures: oral presentation, whenever suitable supported with photographs and examples of real situations representing practical implementation of discussed topics.

Lab sessions: resolution of problems on applied hydraulics; practices in the Hydraulics Laboratory, with presentation and manipulation of scale physical models, illustrative of fundamental hydraulic laws.

Evaluation method

Final grade = 0.425 x T1 + 0.425 x T2 + 0.05 x L1 + 0.05 x L2 + 0.05 x L3, where 0.425 x T1 where T1 and T2 are the classifications of tests 1 and 2 and L1, L2 e L3 are the classifications of the laboratory work reports 1, 2 and 3.

The two tests may be replaced by the exam and, in that case, it will be Final grade = 0.85 x E + 0.05 x L1 + 0.05 x L2 + 0.05 x L3, where E corresponds to the Exam classification.


Subject matter

A. Fluid Properties

B. Hydrostatics: hydrostatic pressure and impulse

C. Hydrokinematics: flow and flow lines

D. Hydrodynamics: laws of conservation of mass, energy and momentum

E. Flow resistance laws: laminar and turbulent flows

F. Steady-state pressure flows


Programs where the course is taught: