Atomic Physics


The aim of theoretical and theoretical-practical classes is to understand the concepts and physical processes, emphasizing rigor in language and the application of knowledge to the equation and methodical resolution of real problems.

The purpose of laboratory classes is to learn experimental methods related to atomic physics, systematize the collection and treatment of experimental results and the preparation of scientific reports.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

José Paulo Moreira dos Santos


Weekly - 5

Total - 36

Teaching language



Previous approval in the following courses: Electromagnetism and Quantum Mechanics.


  • J. P. Santos, Apontamentos de Física Atómica.
  • S. Gasiorowicz, Quantum Physics, 2nd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996.
  • B. H. Bransden and C. J. Joachain, Physics of Atoms and Molecules, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall, 2003.
  • M. Weissbluth, Atoms and Molecules, Academic Press, New York (1978).
  • H. Haken e H. C. Wolf, The physics of atoms and quanta: introduction to experiments and theory, Springer Verlag, Berlin (2000).
  • J. P. Santos e M. F. Laranjeira, Métodos Matemáticos para Físicos e Engenheiros, Fundação da Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Lisboa, 2004.

Teaching method

The course is organized in lectures where the theory is presented, problem-solving sessions where problems are discussed with the instructor, and laboratory sessions.

Evaluation method

Available soon

Subject matter

  • Quantum Mechanics Reviews
  • Hydrogen Atom
  • Atomic systems with 2 electrons
  • Atomic systems with more than 2 electrons
  • Radioactive transitions
  • Atomic Spectra
  • X-rays
  • Laser
  • Exotic Atoms


Programs where the course is taught: