To give the students a good knowledge of the physical principles and clinical applications of the main techniques for Medical Imaging, with special incidence on Magnetic Resonance.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Ricardo Nuno Pereira Verga e Afonso Vigário


Weekly - 4

Total - 56

Teaching language



Medical Imaging Methods


"MRI. From Picture to Proton" Donald W. Robbie, Elizabeth A. Moore, Martin J. Graves, Martin R. Prince. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004.
"Magnetic Resonance in Medicine" Peter Rinck. Blackwell Science, Berlin, 2001.
"An Introduction to the Principles of Medical Imaging" Chris Guy and Dominic Ffytche. Imperial College Press, London, 2000
"Medical Physics: Imaging" Jean Pope. Heinmann Educational Publishers, Oxford, 1999
"Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering" BH Brown, RH Smallwood, DC Barber, PV Lawford and SD Hose. Institute of Physics Publishin, Bristol, 1999.
"Introduction to Biomedical Engineering" John Enderle, Susan Blanchard and Joseph Bronzino. Academic Press, SanDiego, 2000.

Teaching method

The course has lectures complemented by practical classes of the basic principles of the technique of Magnetic Resonance, image examples, discussion of some concrete clinical images and medical imaging processing.

Evaluation method

Assessment with two components:

–  Practical/frequency: 2 reports, corresponding to the 2 practical assignments (frequency attained if mean > 9.5).

– Theoretical: 3 tests, carried out throughout the semestre & 1 individual assignment. (to pass, this part of the evaluation needs to be > 9.5)

The final grade will be calculated using the formula:

(Final grade) = (tests)x0.5 + (individual assignment)x0.3 + (frequency)x0.2 

Subject matter

A. Medical Image and Digital Image.

B. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1. Basic Physics and Mathematics concepts. 2. Principles of  Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. 3. Biological principles of the MR parameters. 4. Imagem formation adn k space. 5. Fast images. 6. Image characteristics and contrast factors. 7. Contrast agents. 8. Angiography and Cardia Imaging 9. Advanced techniques of: – Diffusion, Perfusion, Functional imaging. 10. Spectroscopy 11. Image processing adn quantitative imaging. 12. Artifacts 13. Instrumentation 14. Security and Biological effects of MRI.

C. Comparasion and clinical applications of the  various techniques.