In this discipline will be introduced the concepts and formalisms of Biomechanics framed with examples of applications and the laboratory classes.

It is intended that at the end of the course, students demonstrates the bases for the understanding and application of key models used in Biomechanics and resulting equations, particularly in the study of movement and joints, mechanical properties of bones, contraction of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Valentina Borissovna Vassilenko


Weekly - 3

Total - Available soon

Teaching language



Available soon


1. Lectures Notes on Biomechanics   - Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL 
2.Fung, Y. C. Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, 2nd ed., 1993,  ISBN: 978-0-387-97947-2

3.B.H.Brown, Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 
4.Panjabi, M.M. and White A.A. “Biomechanics in the Musculoskeletal System”, 1st. ed., Churchill Levingtone , 2001
5.  Seeley, T.D.Stephens, P.Tate Anatomia e Fisiologia, Lusodidacta, 2001
6. à Biblioteca à e-Books à The Biomedical Engineering Handbook; Vol.1, 2nd Edition,Ed.J.D.Bronzino, CRC Press LLC, 2000
7. Biomechanical Systems: Techniques & Applications,  Vol. I Computer Techniques and Computational Methods in Biomechanics; Vol. III, Musculoskeletal Models & Techniques; 
8. Problems for Biomechanics and Hemodynamics  – Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL
9. Protocols for Laboratory Lessons – Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL

Teaching method

Available soon

Evaluation method

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Subject matter

2 . Mechanical properties of tissues

Mechanical loads on the human body

Relationship Stress / Strain

Hard tissues - bones

Viscoelasticity .

Modeling of the visco-elastic properties

3 . Kinematics and Kinetics

Global and local referential;

Center of gravity

Kinematic calculus from the experimental data

4. Biomechanics of Motion and Joints

Classification of joints & types of motion

Kinematics of joints

Simulation & Modeling

5. Biomechanics of muscle contraction

Skeletal muscle;

Sliding filament theory

Motor unit and muscle contraction;

Hill equation

Modulation of skeletal muscle


6. Heart Biomechanics

Cardiac muscle;

Electrocardiogram and heart activity

Modelling of the heart and cardiac wall stress


Laboratory sessions:  the laboratorial activity consists in performing works by each student in group of 2 of the following practical works:

1.        Electromiography I

2.        Electromiography II

3.        Electrocardiography-ECG


Programs where the course is taught: