General Organic Chemistry B


Background knowledge in Organic Chemistry for a future Materials or Nanotechnology Engineer:


1. Nomenclature - Application of IUPAC rules in the naming of compounds and in the design of organic compound structures, indicating, where appropriate, stereochemistry. Associated use of common names, if any.

2. Chemical Bonding - Description of the structure and properties of organic molecules using the principles of chemical bonding and hybridization.

3. Mechanisms - Characterization of reactions and mechanisms involving organic compounds. 4. Spectroscopy - Use (basic) of the most common spectroscopic techniques (NMR, IR, UV / Vis, MS) in determining the molecular structure of organic compounds.

5. Laboratory Safety - Working in the Chemical Laboratory using appropriate procedures so that the routine includes safety practices and techniques in the handling of chemical compounds, glassware and laboratory equipment. Application of special precautions when using compounds of greater caution and / or toxicity.

6. Notebook - Proper recording of safety data, chemical properties and laboratory results in a scientific laboratory notebook; interpretation of the results descriptively using the appropriate notations and scientific knowledge bases.

7. Application of mathematics in quantitative problem solving

8. Use and maintenance of the Laboratory Notebook according to scientific standards.

9. Application of the principles of scientific ethics and academic integrity.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Elvira Maria Sardão Monteiro Gaspar


Weekly - 4

Total - 60

Teaching language



Basic knowledge in Physics and general Chemistry. 


Recommended book:

  • Organic Chemistry (5th edition) by Paula Yurkanis Bruice
  • Organic Chemistry with Biological Applications 2e by John E. McMurry

Complimentary bibliography:

  • Streitwieser, A.; Heathcock, C.; Kosower, E. “Introduction to Organic Chemistry”, MacMillan, 4ª Ed., 1992
  • Volhardt, K.; Schore, N.E. “Organic Chemistry”, W.H. Freeman & Co., 3ª Ed., 1999


Support Materials for classes:

  • Gaspar, E. "Guia de Laboratório de Química Orgânica Geral B", Febreiro, 2019
  • Gaspar, E "Folhas de Problemas e Problemas resolvidos" (available in Clip platform before classes)

Teaching method


Teaching is done through lectures, theoretical-practical (problem solving) and practical 
(laboratory) classes. In order to stimulate students'' intellectual curiosity, 
which in turn leads to the improvement of learning, regardless of their career choices,
 I combine the use of blackboard explanation with audiovisual media, using the power-point and videos (which I make available on the Clip platform) in order to make this credit unit (CU) more alive, real and useful for students; being millennium students they are dominantly visual learners due to the digital world centered on the image in which they are being created. In fact, students understand the concepts better if they can imagine them. I try to illustrate even the most abstract concepts, using examples or analogies. I also correlate with examples from day-to-day chemistry and / or my research topics, in order students understand its usefulness and stay motivated.

In theoretical-practical classes, students solve exercises using the concepts introduced in the theoretical classes. In the practical component of the CU, students perform laboratorial experiments that incorporate theoretical concepts and are in line with the interests and expectations of the courses they have chosen. Works are relatively simple, safe and pleasant to perform, with the concern of a high pedagogical component.

Respecting  evaluation, it includes the theoretical part (70%) and the laboratory part (30%).The theoretical part is evaluated by 2 tests and/ or final exam, being also included the self-evaluation parameter (10% of theoretical score).  The experimental component is evaluated by the preparation of classes, performance of students in the laboratory and the commitment placed in the laboratory notebook; the evaluation by colleagues in a final laboratorial presentation is also a parameter of practical evaluation (10% of practical score). 

Evaluation method

Available soon

Subject matter

1. Introduction. Strucure of organic compounds. Covalent bonds. Hybridisation. Resonance and aromaticity. Functional groups. Physical properties.

2. Reactivity in Organic Chemistry. Kinetics and thermodinamics. Reaction mechanisms. Acidity and basicity.

3. Saturated hydrocarbons. Isomerism, Conformational analysis. Radical reactions.

4. Stereochemistry.

5. Nucleophylic substitution and elimination reactions. Mechanisms and rectivity.

6. Examples of radical reactions. Mechanism and reactivity.

7. Unsaturated hydrocarbons. Addition reactions. Reactions of aromatic compounds.

8. Carbonyl compounds.

9. Polimers.

10. Basic spectroscopic concepts ((NMR, IR, UV/Vis, MS)