Introduction to Conservation and Restoration I I


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General characterization





Responsible teacher

Agnés Anne Françoise Le Gac Arinto, Maria da Conceição Lopes Casanova


Weekly - 4

Total - 56

Teaching language



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Boito, C., I nostri vecchi monumenti. Conservare o restaurare? Nueva antologia, nº87, 1886.

Brandi, C., Teoria del restauro. Roma: Ed. di Storia e Letteratura, 1963.

Hassard, F., “Towards a New Vision of Restoration ....”Journal of Institute of Conservation 32, no. 2 (Sept. 2009): 149-150.

Muñoz-Viñas, S., Contemporary Theory of Conservation. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005.

Riegl, A. Le culte moderne des monuments... . Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1984.

Ruskin, J. “Lamp of Memory.” Chap. 6 in Seven Lamps... British Authors 3951. Leipzig: B. T., 1907.

Viollet-le-Duc, E-E. “Restoration.” In The Foundations ... Dictionnaire Raisonné, translated by Kenneth D. W., 193-228. NY: George Braziller, 1990.

Teaching method

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Evaluation method

Assessment units:

1. Continuous assessment (10%);

2. Written test (40%);

3. Case-study in group: Individual oral presentation (30%) + Group report (20%)

In regard to the safety plan the continuous assessment will be done based in the participation in the videoconferences sessions and the theoretic and practical sessions planed for may. The written test may be substituted by an oral in videoconference as well as the presencial oral presentations.

The student must have a positive grade in each of the evaluation units to complete the course.

Subject matter

1.      Principle concepts

1.1  Cultural Heritage and Scientific Heritage definitions. Conservation, remedial conservation, preservative conservation,  and restoration concepts.

1.2  Notions of authenticity and ''''cultural significance''''.

1.3. Professional ethics and  restrictions of the restoration activity: reversibility and re-treatability concepts.

2. Evolution and conservation philosophies

2.1  The restoration history  and the origins of the conservation as a science.

2.2  Major restoration theories: from John Ruskin to Cesari Brandi.

2.3  New paradigms: from Salvador Muñoz Viñas to Frank Hassard.

3. Training & professional status

3.1  The role of international organizations in training and professional status of  the conservator-restorer.

3.2  Principal normative documents for the profession.

3.3 Relationship between the conservator/restorer and other professions: the interdisciplinary team.


Programs where the course is taught: