Fundamentals of Mineralogy and Geology
Joaquim António dos Reis Silva Simão, Nuno Gonçalo Figueiredo de Freitas Leal
Weekly - 5
Total - 51
Aires–Barros, L. (2001) – As rochas dos monumentos portugueses. Tipologias e patologias. Instituto Português do Património Arquitectónico, Ministério da Cultura, Lisboa, Vol. I e II, 535 p.
Carvalho, A. M. G. (1996)- Geologia: Morfogénese e Sedimentogénese. Universidade Aberta. Lisboa, 189 p.
Carvalho, A. M. G. (1996)- Geologia: Petrogénese e Orogénese. Universidade Aberta. Lisboa, 159 p.
Press, F. & Siever, R. (1998) - Understanding Earth, 2nd. Ed. Freeman. 682p.
ACCESS TO EXAMINATION CONDITION: presence on 2/3 of the practical classes.
Continuous evaluation by means of 4 partial examinations (25%, each) + evaluation during the classes, including assiduity, punctuality and participation (20%).
Introduction to Geology.
The minerals: physical and chemical characteristics. Mineral classification.
Magmatism in the Rock Cycle context. Magma genesis and evolution processes. Igneous Rocks characterization and classification (intrusive and extrusive rocks).
The Sedimentary Environment: The agents of Weathering and Erosion. Sedimentogenesis and Diagenesis in the Rock Cycle context. Main characteristics of the Sedimentary Environment. Sedimentary Rocks characterization and classification (detrital and chemogenic rocks).
Metamorphism in the Rock Cycle context. Agents and types of metamorphism. Metamorphic Rocks characterization and classification (rocks with and without schistosity).
Brittle and ductile deformation: compressive and distensive deformational regimes. Fragile and ductile behaviors of the materials. Folding and types of folds. Failure and types of faults.
Characteristics to attain for a correct mineral identification: colour, hardness, luster, HCl reaction, magnetism and other properties.
Observation, description and classification of the main minerals usually present in rocks.
Rocks study: texture and mineralogy.
Observation, description and classification of igneous rocks in hand-specimen.
Observation, description and classification of sedimentary rocks in hand-specimen.
Observation, description and classification of metamorphic rocks in hand-specimen.
Observation and description of rocks and ceramic materials under the petrographic microscope.
Programs where the course is taught: