Cultura Alemã do Século XVIII


a)To acquire a good knowledge of the 18th. Century German Culture in its relation with the 17th.century;
b)To be able to read fundamental texts in the field of 18th. Century German Culture;
c) To define the concept of Age of Enlightenment (Aufklärung) and Enlightened Absolutism;
d)To help students organize a bibliographical research in order to conceive an oral presentation.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria Gabriela Castro de Vilhena Fragoso


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Good knowledge of German


 ANGENENDT, Arnold. Toleranz und Gewalt. Das Christentum zwischen Bibel und Schwert. Verlag Aschendorff, Münster, 2008.
- BARRENTO, J.  Literatura Alemã. Vol.I: séc.XVIII. Presença, Lisboa, 1989.
- BEUTIN, W. História da Literatura Alemã (vol.1). Cosmos, Lisboa, 1993.
 -BURGSTEDT, Angela. Das Zeitalter der Aufklärung. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 2004.
- KRONAUER, Ulrich. Gegenwelten der Aufklärung. Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg, 2003.
- GUTHKE, Karl S. Lessings Horizonte. Grenzen und Grenzenlosigkeit der Toleranz. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen, 2003.
- REED, Terence James.  Mehr Licht in Deutschland. Eine kleine Geschichte der Aufklärung. C.H.Beck, München, 2009.
- SCHMALE, Wolfgang. Das 18.Jahrhundert. Böhlau Verlag, Wien, Köln, Weimar, 2012.

Teaching method

 Presentation of the various topics by the lecturer; reading and discussion of a selection of texts covering the topics outlined in the syllabus;
- Tutorial supervision of the research work related to the final oral presentation chosen by the student. 
 - The teaching method is mainly reflexive and oriented to the contents of the CU. Students will present and discuss key texts.    

Evaluation method

Oral presentation(50%), A mid-term test and a final test (together(50%)

Subject matter

a) From the Lutheran reformation to the pietismus of Philipp Jakob Spener and August Hermann Francke; 
b)The works of Johann Joachim Winckelmann and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: harmonization between art and ethics;
c) From Christian Wolffs systematic rationalism to Kants idealism;
d) Women´s contribution to the Enlightenment: the salonières;
e) Educational reforms and new pedagogical methods: the Philanthropinum;
f) Science and literature: the polymath (Universalgelehrter);
g) Voyages of scientific exploration : Georg Forster, Alexander von Humboldt;
h) Echoes of the French Revolution in Germany.