History of Germany


a) To know in a general but comprehensive way the German history;
b) To identify the key moments in 20th. Century German history
c) To understand the development of European cultural and political structures, notably the European nationalisms;
c) To acquire the knowledge to identify and discuss the specificity of the German-speaking space in the European context.l

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria Gabriela Castro de Vilhena Fragoso


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Good knowledge of German.


- FULBROOK, M. The divided nation: a history of Germany, 1918-1990. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.
- HAWES, J., A mais breve história da Alemanha, Lisboa, Dom Quixote, 2019.
- HERBERT, U. Geschichte Deutschlands im 20. Jahrhundert. München, C.H.Beck, 2014.
- HISTÓRIA ALEMÃ. Do século VI aos nossos dias. Lisboa,Edições 70, 2014.
- KITCHEN, M. A history of modern Germany, 1800-2000. Malden, MA, Blackwell Pub., 2006.
- LEE, SJ Aspects of European History, 1789-1980. London; New York, Routledge, 2007.
- OPITZ, A (coord), Sociedade e Cultura Alemãs, Lisboa, Univ. Aberta, 1998.

Teaching method

Presentation of the various topics by the lecturer; reading and discussion of a selection of texts covering the topics outlined in the syllabus;
- Tutorial supervision of the research work related to the final oral presentation chosen by the student.
- The teaching method is mainly reflexive and oriented to the contents of the CU. Students will present and discuss key texts.
Participation in class is mandatory.

Evaluation method

2 tests(50%), Oral presentation(50%)

Subject matter

The course aims to provide a general and comprehensive view of Germany in the European context focusing on key moments of its recent history: from the post World War II period to the post-reunification period.