French Literature (16th and 17th Century)


Encourage critical reflection in students so as to:
a) understand the differences between the sixteenth lyricism and the  poetry of the seventeenth century; 
b) be able to contextualize and problematize the concept of Classicism;
c) be able to analyze a text from this period, using different methodologies;
c) know how to organize a basic bibliography for a specific issue of the programme, drawing on research in specialized libraries and available computer facilities;
d) carry out research using the readings made regarding a work, using knowledge acquired during the semester.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Margarida Gouveia Esperança Pina Saraiva de Reffoios


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Available soon


Dubois, C.G (1985). L’imaginaire de la Renaissance. Paris: Puf.
Forestier, G. (1993). Introduction à l´analyse des textes classiques. Paris: Nathan.
Parmentier, B. Le Siècle des moralistes. De Montaigne à La Bruyère. Paris: Seuil.
Pringent, M. (2006). Histoire de la France littéraire. Paris: Quadrige/Puf.
Rousset, J. (1968). L´intérieur et l´extérieur. Essais sur la poésie et sur le théâtre au XVII siècle. Paris: J.Corti.
Tadié, J.-Y. (2007). La Littérature Française, I. Paris: Folio.

Teaching method

The curricular unit works on collective and classroom sessions. We seek to a balance between sessions gain momentum by the teacher, the exposure of theoretical contents about the surrounding context of the author and the production of works, the issues of textual transmission of ancient texts, with practical sessions, the commentary of literary texts. Regular use of appropriate web resources shall be encouraged and the Moodle platform will be a used as a main tool for individual and collective work.

Evaluation method

Participation in practical classes(20%), Two written tests(80%)

Subject matter

Renaissance and Humanism:
1 - The Humanist Ideal and its representation in the work of Rabelais: writing as an aesthetic and moral strategy. Representations of popular culture and grotesque body image in Rabelais.
2 - La Pléiade: constitution and cultural role; the theoretical project (Défense et Illustration de la langue française de Du Bellay) and the humanist problematic of lyrical poetry in the Renaissance: Les Amours de Ronsard.
Baroque and Classicism
1 - The Classical Theater: from the Baroque to the economy of the classic ideal: Le Cid de Corneille. Motives and values of order and disorder of love; the hero, the desire and the duty; nobility, honor and glory in Phèdre de Racine. Molière and the comedian of ridicule and seriousness. Don Juan and the theme of "libertinage".
2. Cyrano de Bergerac, the precursor of the philosophical novel of the eighteenth century. Burlesque and fantastic, utopia and reality in L´Autre monde ou les états et empires de la lune.