Issues in Criticism and Translation


a) To acquire the capacity to identify and question the traditional aporiai of
critique and translation

b) To acquire the capacity to recognize the fundamental relations between
those aporiai and other aesthetic problems and concepts (e.g. meaning/ sign)

c) To acquire the capacity to analyze the conditions of the application and
enlargement of those aporiai to the fields of literary studies and philosophy of

d) To acquire the capacity to understand the specificity of the problems of
criticism and translation within the context of philosophy (ontology,
hermeneutics) and the social sciences (history, anthropology, linguistics,

General characterization





Responsible teacher

João Manuel Pardana Constâncio


Weekly - 3

Total - 280

Teaching language





CONSTÂNCIO, João, Arte e niilismo. Nietzsche e o enigma do mundo, Lisboa,
tinta-da-china, 2013
CONSTÂNCIO, João/ BRANCO, Maria João Mayer/ RYAN, Bartholomew
(eds.), Nietzsche and the Problem of Subjectivity, Berlin/ Boston, De Gruyter,
HEIDEGGER, M., Nietzsche I, Gesamtausgabe Band 6.1, Frankfurt a.M.,
Vittorio Klostermann, 1996
HEIDEGGER, M., Nietzsche I,trad. Marco Antônio Casanova, Rio de Janeiro,
Forense Universitária, 2010
NIETZSCHE, F., Kritische Studienausgabe, Colli, G./ Montinari, M. (ed.), Berlin,
Walter de Gruyter, 1980, 15 vols.

Teaching method

a) Most classes are dialogued lectures, (b) several of them work as a seminar
(with reading, commentary, and text analysis), (c) other classes (so-called
«practical» classes) consist in critical discussions with the students of previously
presented topics and problems.

Evaluation method

(a) students are evaluated by a mandatory 12 page essay(70%), (b) students are also evaluated by an oral presentation of their essay(20%), (c) a positive participation in the classes is valued(10%)

Subject matter

The course will deal with Heideggers interpretation of Nietzsches aesthetics,
especially by studying the first part of Volume I of Heideggers 1961 book on
Nietzsche: «The Will to Power as Art»;. The study of this particular text will
explain how and why Heidegger thinks that the translation of the key-concepts
of Greek philosophy first into Latin and later into the modern languages has had
a decisive impact on the unthought presuppositions of Nietzsches
understanding of art. This, in turn, will show in which sense Heidegger's critique
of modernity claims to be a «repetition» and a «destruction» of the Western
tradition that aims to save us from the «forgetfulness of being» and raise the
question of being. On the other hand, the course will also try to to show that
Nietzsches thought about art is much more complex and fruitful than Heidegger


Programs where the course is taught: