Degradation of Mediterranean Ecosystems


a) Recognize the specificity of Mediterranean ecosystems. b) Understand the different factors contributing to their identity. c) Apprehend the natural and socioeconomic contexts contributing to the differentiation within the Mediterranean Region. d) Evaluate the factors contributing to the degradation of this ecosystem. e) Analyse the weaknesses and potentialities of the Mediterranean Portugal. f) Develop and apply acquired knowledge to diagnose and mitigate degradation processes. g) Interpret critically and analytically texts and data.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Pedro João Cruz Cortesão Casimiro


Weekly - 3

Total - 280

Teaching language



Not Applicable


Allen, Harriet D. Mediterranean Ecogeography – Ecogeography Series, Harlow, Pearson, 2001, 263 p. Conacher, A.; Sala, M. (Eds.) Land Degradtion in Mediterranean Environemnts of the World – Nature and Extent, Causes and Solutions, Londres, Willey, 1998, 491 p. 
Brandt, C.J; Thornes, J.B. (Eds.) Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use, Londres, Wiley, 1996, 554 p.
Grenon, M.; Batisse, M. (Eds.) Futures for the Mediterranean Bassin – The Blue Plan, Nova Iorque, Oxford University Press, 1989, 279 p. 
Grove, A.T.; Rackham, O. The Nature of Mediterraean Europe – An Ecological History, New York, Yale University Press, 2003, 384 p. 
Rundel, P.W.; Montenegro G.; Jaksic, F.M. (Eds.) Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean Type Ecosystems, Nova Iorque, Springer, 1998, 447 p.

Teaching method

Teaching method: Expositive and participative classes.

Evaluation method

Available soon

Subject matter

1) Geographical context of the Mediterranean. 2) Spatial differentiations, characterization.3) Degradation processes of Mediterranean ecosystems, causes and consequences. 4) Weaknesses and potentialities of these ecosystems. 5) Use of natural resources. 6) Desertification. 7) Future perspectives.