Prehistoric Archaeology (Hunter-Gatherer Societies)

Objectives

a) To study the origins and the methodology of the discipline, the anthropogenesis, Iberian Peninsula hominization and human communities, in Portugal, since the beginning of Paleolithic to the specialized hunters´ societies of the Upper Paleolithic, reaching those of the Late Pleistocene.
Will be treated the settlement strategies, the economic and social models, the technical evolution, the ideologies and the cognitive life of such societies.
b) To give knowledge about the origins and evolution of Humankind, during the Pleistocene, in biologic and intellectual terms, so as his interaction with natural environment.
c) To explain the importance of Prehistory in contemporaneity and the anatomic, social, technological, cognitive and ideological evolution of hunters-gatherers´ communities, from his origins, namely in the actual Portuguese territory.

General characterization

Code

01100279

Credits

6.0

Responsible teacher

Carlos Cristian Rodriguez Rellan

Hours

Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language

Portuguese

Prerequisites

None

Bibliography

Manuais e obras de referência:
- BICHO, N. F. (2006). Manual de Arqueologia Pré-histórica, Lisboa: Edições 70. ARQ 420/A (UNLFCSH/BMSC) - 63112
- BOYD, R.; SILK, J.B. (2009). How humans evolved (5th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.  ANT 1227 (UNLFCSH/BMSC) – 57707
- CARDOSO, J.L. (2007). Pré-História de Portugal. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta. # ARQ 398 (UNLFCSH/BMSC) - 58501
- GAMBLE, C.; BALLART, J. (2001). Las Sociedades paleolíticas de Europa. Barcelona: Ariel
- LÓPEZ GARCÍA, P. (Coord.). (2017). La Prehistoria en la Península Ibérica. Madrid: Itsmo.
- SCARRE, C. (Ed.). (2013). The human past: World prehistory and the development of human societies (3rd ed.). New York: Thames e Hudson. ARQ REF 13 (UNLFCSH/BMSC) – 64484

Será oferecida bibliografia complementar para cada secção do programa.

Teaching method

Theoretical lectures supported by audio-visual resources that will help to reinforce the contents of the course unit. Inspection of archaeological materials aimed at complementing the theoretical information transmitted in class.

Evaluation method

two writing tests(100%)

Subject matter

BLOCK 1:
1.1. Definitions and fundamentals
1.2. The Quaternary: chronology, geology and climate
BLOCK 2:
2.1. Human evolution: principles and mechanisms
2.2. First hominids
BLOCK 3:
3.1. The genus homo: from habilis to heildebergensis
3.2. The first lithic industries
3.3. Expansion into Eurasia
BLOCK 4:
4.1. Homo neanderthalensis
4.2. The Middle Palaeolithic in Europe
BLOCK 5:
5.1. Anatomically modern humans
5.2. The birth of symbolic thought
5.3. Global settlement
5.4. The Upper Palaeolithic in Europe
BLOCK 6:
6.1. The Mesolithic: crisis of the hunter-gatherer way of life


 

Programs

Programs where the course is taught: