History of the Modern Era


a) To attain general knowledge of the most crucial moments of the European political, economic, social and cultural history between the late 16h century and the late 18th century.
b) To develop a critical knowledge of the several historiographical interpretations in the study of early-modern Europe.
c) To master the historiography about early-modern Europe, and develop the capacity to work with archival sources pertinent to that period.
d) To acquire the knowledge and the skills indispensable for post-graduate studies about early-modern European history.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

António Manuel de Almeida Camões Gouveia


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language





CHAUNU, Pierre (1984). La civilisation de l’Europe Classique. Paris: Arthaud.
CHAUNU, Pierre (1984). La civilisation de l’Europe des Lumières. Paris:
Arthaud. DELUMEAU, Jean (1984). La civilisation de la Renaissance. Paris:
Arthaud. HAZARD, Paul (1971). A crise da consciência europeia (1680-1715).
Lisboa: Cosmos. História da vida privada. Do Renascimento ao Século das
Luzes (1990). Roger Chartier. Porto: Edições Afrontamento, vol. 3.
MONTEIRO, Nuno Gonçalo (2009). Idade Moderna (séculos XV-XVIII). História
de Portugal. Rui Ramos. Lisboa: A Esfera dos Livros, p.197-435.

Teaching method

Theoretical and practical classes. Classes always include lectures by the
professor and by the students, analysis and commentary of written,
iconographic and historiographical documents.

Evaluation method

The evaluation is based on that small interventions and oral debates (10 to 15 minutes) and later fixation of those contents in texts of 2 or 3 pages.(100%)

Subject matter

1. The demography of Ancien Régime’s Europe.
2. The structures of economic activity. The weight of the agricultural sector. The growth of the manufacturer activity. The role of the colonial markets. The development of the long-distance trade activity.
3. The early-modern European society. Social taxonomy and the «society of orders».
4. The dynamics of the European monarchies: the role played by the religious dissent.
5. The fight for political hegemony in Europe. The Thirty Years war and the treaties of Westphalia. The expansion of the French monarchy.
6. Europe after the treaty of Utrecht.
7. From the Austrian war of succession to the Seven Years war. The emergence of Russia and Prussia.


Programs where the course is taught: