Political Systems


a) To study different types of political systems, combining a theoretical analysis with an empirical approach.

b) To examine the historical evolution of political systems in distinct political context and geographical regions;

c)To identify the variation of institutional configuration of democratic regimes and non democratic political systems.

d) To analyze recent trends of political system change and, in particular, to discuss problems and challenges of contemporary democratic regimes.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Marco Lisi


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language





GUNTHER, Richard, P. Nikiforos DIAMANDOUROS, e Hans-Jürgen PUHLE, eds. The Politics of Democratic Consolidation: Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
LEVITSKI, Steven, e Lucan A. WAY. Competitive authoritarianism: hybrid regimes after the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
LINZ, Juan. Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2000.
LOBO, Marina Costa e Octavio AMORIM NETO (ed.), O Semipresidencialismo nos Países de Língua Portuguesa, Lisbon, Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2009.
NORTON, Philip (ed.), Parliaments and Governments in Western Europe, London, Frank Cass, 1998.PASQUINO, Gianfranco, Sistemas políticos comparados, Cascais, Principia, 2005.
SARTORI, Giovanni, Ensaios de política comparada. Lisboa: Livros Horizonte, 2018.

Teaching method

Lectures (60%) with practical examples based on the empirical discussion of the main arguments and hypotheses (20%) and students’ presentation of the selected readings delivered at the beginning of the course (20%).


Evaluation method

and elaboration of a final paper(50%), exam(50%)

Subject matter

1.Political systems: forms and organization of power. Institutions and political systems.

2. Non-democratic political systems: totalitarianism, authoritarianism and hybrid regimes.

3. Democratic political system: presidentialism, parliamentarism and semi-presidentialism.

4. Relatios between political systems and citizens: direct democracy, participation and political attitudes

5. Evolution of democratic regimes and contemporary trends.


Programs where the course is taught: