Introduction to Linguistic Analysis


By the end of this course, students shoud be able to:
a) distinguish descriptive and normative attitudes in linguistic analysis;
b) identify different components of linguistic analysis, as well as the units in
each component;
c) be familiar with and be able to apply different methodologies appropriate for
the identification of language units at each level of analysis;
d) create paradigms relevant to linguistic analysis;
e) have developed the ability to observe and compare different language
f) draw conclusions through the manipulation of linguistic data.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Joana Maria Rodrigues Batalha Marchão


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Available soon


Cunha, C. e L. F. Lindley Cintra (1984) Nova Gramática do Português
Contemporâneo, Lisboa: Ed. J. Sá da Costa.
Duarte, I. (2000) Língua Portuguesa. Instrumentos de Análise. Lisboa: Univ.
Finegan, E. (2014) Language: Its Structure and Use. Boston: Wadsworth,
Cengage Learning, 7ª ed.
Fromkin, V., R. Rodman and N. Hyams (2014) An Introduction to Language.
Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 10ª ed.
Martins, A. M. e E. Carrilho (orgs.) (2016) Manual de Linguística Portuguesa.
De Gruyter Mouton.
Mateus, M. H. M. et al (orgs.) (2003) Gramática da Língua Portuguesa. Lisboa:
Caminho, 5ª ed.
OGrady, W., J. Archibald and F. Katamba (2011) Contemporary Linguistics: An
Introduction (Learning About Language). Longman.
Raposo, E. et al (orgs.) (2013) Gramática do Português. Lisboa: Fundação
Calouste Gulbenkian.

Teaching method

Classes with a theoretical and a practical component (practice exercises and
problem solving).

Evaluation method

1 intermediate test(40%), Evaluation includes short autonomous works during the semester(10%), and a final test(50%)

Subject matter

1. Concepts of grammar. Descriptive and prescriptive attitudes towards
grammar. Modules of the grammar and linguistic units.
2. Methodological perspectives in linguistic analysis.
3. Sounds.
a) Writing and speech.
b) Language sounds and sound structure.
c) Minimal pairs for the identification of phonemes and their variants.
4. Words.
a) The internal structure of words: identification of morphemes. Processes of
word formation.
b) Word classes: identification criteria.
c) Characterisation of some word classes and subclasses.
5. The sentence.
a) Sentence structure: identification of constituents and syntactic functions.
b) Word orders: crosslinguistic comparisons.
c) Complex sentences: coordination and subordination.


Programs where the course is taught: