Linguistic Variation


By the end of this course students should be able to:
(1) Have a better understanding of the theoretical foundations underlying the analysis of linguistic variation,
according to the historical, geographical and sociocultural contexts in which the speakers of a language
express themselves verbally;
(2) Discuss the main research topics and methods of the research on linguisic variation and change;
(3) Learn and appreciate aspects of linguistic variation, and to examine some of the ways in which language
(4) Learn and appreciate aspects of linguistic variation and its relation to social contexts of use;
(5) Understand the dialectal and geographic diversity of Portuguese;
(6) Apply the knowledge previously acquired to the analysis of linguistic uses of Portuguese speakers in
different contexts.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

António Henrique de Figueiredo Pedro de Albuquerque Emiliano


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Available soon


BAUGH, John & Joel SHERZER (eds.) (1984) Language in Use. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, PrenticeHall, Inc.
CHAMBERS, J. K. (2003) Sociolinguistic Theory. Linguistic Variation and its Social Significance. Blackwell Publishing, 2ª edição.
CHAMBERS, J.K. & Peter TRUDGILL (2004) Dialectology. Cambridge University Press (2nd edition).
CHAMBERS J. K., Peter TRUDGILL & Natalie SCHILLINGESTES (eds.) (2003) The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, Blackwell Publishing.
SEGURA, Luísa (2013) Variedades dialetais do Português Europeu. In E. P. RAPOSO et al. (orgs.) Gramática do Português. Vol. I. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, pp. 85142

Teaching method

There will both theoretical lectures and practical work in class and as homework; and discussion of reading
topics. Summaries and relevant material will be available on "moodle". Tutorials will be on students´ request.

Evaluation method

one test (40%), One short written essay with oral presentation(30%), exercises and class activities(30%)

Subject matter

1. Theoretical and methodological concepts:
2. Language and contexts of use:
3. Aspects of dialectal variation (geographic and social)
4. Analysis of corpora (oral and written productions).


Programs where the course is taught: