Philosophy of Knowledge


a) To get a profound knowledge of the main subjects and issues from the Philosophy of Knowledge domain;
b) To be able to evaluate both from an internal and an external point of view different proposals;
c) To enhance the analytical ability;
d) To practice the skills to read in a critical way some major philosophical texts;
e) To practice competences implicated in getting discourses and written texts philosophically consistent and relevant.


General characterization





Responsible teacher

Luís Manuel Aires Ventura Bernardo


Weekly - Available soon

Total - 168

Teaching language





Broughton, J, Carriero, J. (2011). A Companion to Descartes. Sussex. Willey-Blackwell.
Descartes, R. (1992). Meditações sobre a Filosofia Primeira. Coimbra: Almedina.
Descartes, R. (2008). Discurso do Método. Lisboa: Edições 70
Guyer, P. (2010). The Cambridge Companion to Kant´s Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
Kant, I., (2008). Prolegómenos a toda a Metafísica Futura. Lisboa: Edições 70.
Kant, I, (2008). Crítica da Razão Pura. Lisboa. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.


Teaching method

Exposition with dialogue.
Discussion of some particular issues.
Analysis and commentary of texts.

Evaluation method

Participation in the course’s activities(20%), written test(40%), written test(40%)

Subject matter

Through the analysis of Descartes and Kant´s philosophical texts will be discussed:

1. Knowledge as a philosophical issue
2. Processes of getting knowledge
3. Faculties involved in knowledge
4. Modalities of knowledge
5. Limits of knowledge
6. Some solutions for the «problem»


Programs where the course is taught: