Ancient Philosophy Themes


a) to acquire a deeper knowledge of the most important figures in ancient philosophical thought and of some of their texts.
b) to acquire a deeper understanding of the specificity of ancient philosophy as a foundational moment in and the beginning of the philosophical tradition.
c) to acquire a deeper knowledge of the main lines of development of ancient philosophy.
d) to develop the ability to identify concepts, methodological and doctrinal positions in the context of ancient philosophy.
e) to Acquire a thorough knowledge of ancient philosophical terminology and its role in the genesis of philosophical terminology.
f ) To acquire the critical and independent reading skills of some fundamental philosophical texts of ancient philosophy.
g ) To develop the ability to identify connections between problems and concepts of ancient philosophy and current philosophical questions.
h ) To acquire the basic ability of problem research in Ancient Philosophy.


General characterization





Responsible teacher

Paulo Alexandre Pinto dos Anjos da Silva Lima


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language






- Platão, A Républica, trad. Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira, 2010, 12.ª ed.
- Aristóteles, A poética, trad. Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira, 2011, 4.ª ed.


- Halliwell, Stephen, Plato: Republic X, Oxford, Aris e Phillips, 1988, repr. 2005.
- Halliwell, Stephen, Aristotle’s Poetics, London, Duckworth, 1998, 2nd ed.

Estudos sobre a mimêsis/Studies on mimêsis

- Auerbach, Erich, Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature, trans. Willard R. Trask, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2014, new and expanded ed.
- Halliwell, Stephen, The Aesthetics of Mimesis: Ancient Texts and Modern Problems, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2002.


Teaching method

The syllabus resorts two main activities. In the first hour we will read, expose and explain the fundamental key concepts and the theoretical frameworks of the texts at stake. In the second hour we will be interpreting and analysing the texts with the students in order to promote a debate about alternative views, possible objections, argumentation and expression.

Evaluation method

A written essay (30%), written examination by the end of the semester(70%)

Subject matter

Throughout the semester, we will consider the problem of «imitation» (mimêsis)
as it is raised by Plato and Aristotle. In the first part of the semester, we will
analyze book X of the Republic; in the second part, Aristotles Poetics. The aim
of the course will be to understand the questions raised by each of these texts,
the answers they provide to those questions and their current relevance. We will
carry out a comparison between both texts, in order to highlight the differences,
but also the lines of continuity, between these two founding works of Western
poetics and aesthetics.



Programs where the course is taught: