Themes in Political Philosophy


Available soon

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Manuel João Celestino de Matos


Weekly - Available soon

Total - 168

Teaching language





HABERMAS, J. (2003), Direito e Democracia, entre facticidade e validade, trad. F. B. Siebeneichler. Rio de Janeiro, Tempo Brasileiro, 2 vols.
HOBBES, T. (1968), Leviathan, ed. C. B. Macpherson. London, Penguin Books.
LOCKE, j. (1970), Two Treatises of Civil Government, London, Everyman’s Library.
ROUSSEAU, J.-J. (1964), Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes. Œuvres complètes, III, Paris, Gallimard, Pléiade.
ROUSSEAU, J.-J. (1964), Du Contrat social ou les principes du droit politique. Œuvres complètes, III, Paris, Gallimard, Pléiade.

Teaching method

The teaching methods include lectures and practical classes with the same academic weight.

Evaluation method

continuous evaluation and participation in class (20%), frequency(40%), work with oral defense in classroom(40%)

Subject matter

I. The foundations of Modern Politics.
1. The state of nature and modern natural right: Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau.
2. From natural right to positive right: the Social Contract.
3. The principles of political right and the foundations of modern democracy.
II. The foundations of Contemporary Politics
4. The emancipatory praxis of history: from natural right to positive right.
5. Right and Democracy in Habermas.
6. Moral and Right: the complementary relation between Morals and Politics in Democracy.


Programs where the course is taught: