Contemporary Portuguese History (19th Century)
1. To know the period of the History of Portugal from 1807 to 1910 and to understand its different conjunctures.
2. To understand the instability and political violence prevalent in the first half of the century.
3. To identify the legacy of the liberal revolution and to understand its importance for today´s society.
4. To understand Portugal´s position in the context of the European process of political, economic, social and cultural modernization.
5. To understand the progressive emergence of colonial issues.
6. To know the main historians and the works they wrote about this period.
7. To know the main sources available.
8. To be able to present the learning outcomes, orally and in writing.
Paulo Jorge Chalante Azevedo Fernandes
Weekly - 4
Total - 168
Teaching methods: lectures designed to provide a global and critical approach to the various subjects; classes aimed at the analysis and discussion of historical sources, including diverse activities, such as oral presentations by students and debates; tutoring of individual or small groups of students.
1. The Napoleonic wars and the crisis of absolute monarchy
1.1. The Revolution in Europe. The French invasions
1.2. The crisis of absolute monarchy
2. Liberal Revolution and Counter-Revolution
2.1 Liberalism and Counter-Revolution (1820-1832)
2.2 The Liberal Revolution (1832-1851)
3. The “Regeneração” and the heyday of liberal society
3.1 The international context. Political appeasement. Political cycles. The formation of political parties. The political-constitutional system. The elections. The caciquismo
3.2 Capitalism. Economic policies. Public debt and tax. Economic backwardness in historical perspective
3.3 City and countryside. Emigration. The emergence of the working class
3.4 Literate culture. The press. The educational system. Illiteracy
3.5 The reform of the Church. Laicism
4. The crisis of the constitutional monarchy and republicanism
4.1 From the loss of Brazil to the Third Empire
4.2 The crisis of 1890/92 and the last years of the monarchy. Nationalism. Republicanism.
Programs where the course is taught: