19th Century Art History


1) To know the artistic movements, core artistic proposals and main questions of nineteenth century art, architecture, city and aesthetical culture in Europe;
2) To debate nineteenth century artistic and architectural production considering the acknowledgment of an autonomous artistic sphere and the raise of Modernism, followed by other significant themes as the subjectivity of taste, the validation of new aesthetical categories, the reinforcement of historical and heritage awareness, the invention of photography or genre asymetries, etc.
3) To understand the significance of the transformations of urban experience, as well as that of city’s images and representations;
4) To develop research and analytical skills.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Joana Esteves da Cunha Leal


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language





1. Adams, Steven, L’Ècole de Barbizon aux sources de l´Impressionisme, London, Phaidon, 1994
2. Bergdoll, Barry, European Architecture 1750-1890, Oxford, University Press, 2000
3. Clark, T.J., The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and his followers, New Jersey, Princeton Unv. Press, 1999 [1984]
4. Clark, T.J., Farewell to an idea: Episodes from a History of Modernism. – New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999
5. Eisenman, Stephen (ed.), Nineteenth Century Art: a Critical History, London, Thames & Hudson, 2002
6. Frascina, Francis, Modernity and Modernism: French painting in the nineteenth century, New Haven, Yale Univ. Press, 1993

Teaching method

Lectures given by the teacher, followed by the presentation and discussion of pre-appointed texts (an anthology is made available in FCSH digital platform). There will also be a final presentation and discussion in class of the research essays related to course contents written by teams of two to three students (10 to 15 pags).

Evaluation method

presentation and discussion of the final written research essays(40%), presentation and discussion on classes of the pre-appointed texts(20%), final written text(40%)

Subject matter

1. The Enlightenment project, the construction of Modernity and the roots of Modernism; the construction of an autonomous artistic sphere. The discussions on taste and the acknowledgment of new aesthetical categories: picturesque and sublime. The awareness on history and heritage;
2. European painting and sculpture in late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. French painting from David to Delacroix. Goya, Füssli and Blake. German romanticism and Friedrich. English landscape painting.
3. European architecture after the French revolution. Neoclassical and visionary architecture. The recovery of medieval architecture and the debates around its restoration. New materials and thecniques;
4. Nineteenth century city. Paris renovation: images and representations of the modern metropolis. Baudelaire.
5. The roots of Modernism. Landscape painting in France: Corot and the Barbizon School. 


Programs where the course is taught: