History of Romanesque and Gothic Art in Portugal
To know the context of the emergence of Romanesque architecture in the Portuguese territory; To acknowledge the Portuguese Romanesque architecture’s relations with the international panorama; To be able to recognize and characterize Portuguese Romanesque cathedrals and monastic churches from graphic representations; To understand the features of Portuguese Romanesque architectural sculpture as part of a particular artistic and mental context (11th-12th centuries); To identify the main programmes and iconographies of Romanesque sculpture; To relate the emergence of Gothic architecture in Portugal with the Cistercian order; To acknowledge the Portuguese Gothic architecture’s relations with the international panorama; To recognize and characterize the Portuguese mendicant architecture; To identify and characterize the main stages of Gothic architecture throughout the 14th century; To acknowledge the new aesthetics of Gothic sculpture; To understand the novelties of funerary sculpture.
Carla Maria Lagoas Gaspar Varela Fernandes
Weekly - 4
Total - 168
ALMEIDA, C. A. F. (1988). O Românico. História da Arte em Portugal. Vol. 3. Lisboa: Publicações Alfa
DIAS, P. (1994). A Arquitectura Gótica Portuguesa. Lisboa: Estampa
GRAF, G. & REAL, M. (1986). Portugal Roman. Yonne
PEREIRA, P. (1995). “O «Modo» Gótico (séculos XIII-XV)”. História da Arte Portuguesa. Vol. I. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores, pp.
RODRIGUES, J. (1995). “O Mundo Românico (séculos XI-XIII)”. História da Arte Portuguesa. Vol. I. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores, pp.
ROSAS, L. & BOTELHO, M. L. (2010). Arte Românica em Portugal. Fundación Santa María la Real
Theoretical-practical lessons, with audiovisual material and the use of teaching methods and instruments, such as: texts; images and drawings. This curricular unit includes three field trips: Batalha, Évora and Jerónimos. The study and preparation for this curricular unit shall be done through constant reading of recommended bibliography and the support of the material provided in class.
a research essay, focusing on a building or piece of Portuguese medieval art.(50%), a written test(50%)
1. Romanesque Art in Portugal
1.1. The Iberian Peninsula in the international context: historical facts and artistic exchanges
1.2. First experiments: Braga’s cathedral and S. Pedro de Rates
1.3. Romanesque cathedrals: Lisbon and Coimbra
1.4. Romanesque monastic churches: 3 naves churches; single nave churches
1.5. Romanesque Sculpture: epic and teratological iconography; the aesthetics of geometry and abstraction
2. Gothic Art in Portugal
2.1. Cistercians and the new aesthetics. Alcobaça and previous interventions
2.2. The hybrid nature of the first buildings: the cloister of Sé Velha de Coimbra and Sé de Évora
2.3. The Gothic of the 14th century, from king Dinis to Fernando I: the mendicant ‘pattern’; fortified churches; the cloisters
2.4. Places of commemoration: Santa Clara-a Velha, the apse of Sé de Lisboa and the upper choir of Francisco de Santarém
2.5. Batalha and the introduction of late gothic
2.6. Sculpture: naturalism and new subjects. Funerary sculpture
Programs where the course is taught: