The Formation of Contemporary Portuguese Society


1. Knowledge and understanding of a set of structures that characterize the Portuguese society as it is configured today, as well as historical processes, economic and social changes that led to this structure.
2. The ability to discuss and analyze structurally the contemporary Portuguese society, using the studies and empirical materials available.
3. The ability to relate the problems of contemporary Portuguese society with long-term economic and social dynamics.
4. The ability to relate the macro and micro scales of problems.
5. The ability to present and communicate acquired knowledge and the results of performed analyses and problematization, in an accurate and meaninful way.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

José David Gomes Justino


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



To have accomplished a minimum of 48 ECTS credits


Barreto, A. (1997). A situação social em Portugal, 1960-1995. Lisboa: ICS (3ª ed.), pp. 57-58.
Godinho, V.M. (1975). Estrutura da antiga sociedade portuguesa. Lisboa: Arcádia (2ª ed.).
Justino, D. (1989). A formação do espaço económico nacional: Portugal, 1810-1913 (2 vol.). Lisboa: Vega.
Pinto, A.C. (ed.) (2005). Portugal contemporâneo. Lisboa: Dom Quixote.
Reis, Jaime (1993), O Atraso Português em Perspectiva Histórica, Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional Casa da Moeda.
Santos, B.S. (ed.) (1993). Portugal: Um retrato singular. Porto, Afrontamento.
Viegas, J.M.L. & Costa, A.F. (1998). Portugal, que modernidade? Oeiras: Celta.
Viegas, J.M.L., Carreiras, H. & Malamud, A. (2009). Portugal in the European context. Lisboa: CIES, ISCTE e Celta Editora.

Teaching method

It is intended that students develop the ability to think scientifically and discuss the structural problems of Portuguese society through five core areas of analysis. Each of these areas will be dissected through a sociometric approach (obj 1) that provides them with the parameters required to build a grounded, contextualised and compared vision on structural problems (obj. 2, 3). The use of statistical information will be privileged to evaluate the ideas and theories that have held the different visions of the backwardness and the "bottlenecks" to Portuguese development (obj. 1, 3, 4).
In class teaching.

Evaluation method

Continuous evaluation of students´ participation in classroom exercises and debates(10%), Four written exercises to be done in small groups in practical classes(30%), One written test in class on the whole syllabus(60%)

Subject matter

0. Introduction, guidelines and key problems.
1. Population, settlement and territory
2. Economy, employment, and development
3. Social structures: groups and dynamics
4. State, political configurations and modes of social and political regulation
5. Rethinking Portuguese society. Incomplete or confined modernities and social and economic dualisms


Programs where the course is taught: