History of the Theatre


«History of the Theatre» aims at a scientific deepening of the texts and writing practices of the dramatic authors in
study. It proposes to enrich the students’ basic formation, in order to better understand the legacies and discontinuities
that constitute this literary tradition, its relevance and timeliness. Reading will be encouraged, complemented with the
discussion of the various perspectives offered by the supporting bibliography. The methodology will be that of Literary and Theatrical Studies. The student will achieve:
a) An overall view of the manifestations of classical and Portuguese ancient theatre;
b) Know how to recognize the specificity and characteristics of the dramatic text;
c) Identify the complexity of the scenic space and problems inherent to a theatrical performance;

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Helena Maria Duarte Freitas Mesquita Barbas


Weekly - Available soon

Total - 168

Teaching language



Not aplicable.


Barbas, Helena. «Almeida Garrett o Trovador Moderno». Salamandra, Lisboa. 1995.
Borie, Monique, et al. «Estética Teatral: Textos de Platão a Brecht: antologia teórica». Trad. Helena Barbas. Fundação
Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa. 2009 (3ª.)
Mollinari, Cesare. «História do Teatro». Trad. Sandra Escobar. Edições 70, Lisboa. 2010.
Picchio, Luciana Stegagno. «História do Teatro Português». Portugália Editora, Lisboa. 1964.
Romilly, Jacqueline de. «A Tragédia Grega». Trad. Leonor Santa-Bárbara. Edições 70, Lisboa. 2008.
Homepage: http://www.helenabarbas.net/aulas/

Teaching method

Lecturing with multimedia support (60%); class discussions and analysis of oral and written texts, presentation and discussion of student papers (40%).

Evaluation method

A background paper / Oriented Monograph (9,000 characters / 6 pages) on topic to be proposed(50%), Oral presentation of background work with PPT and lectures(20%), a) A critical review / commentary (up to 4,500 char./3 pages) to one of the theoretical texts of the bibliography (15%) b) Two reviews of theatrical performances (up to 3,000 car./2 pages) to be agreed with the teacher (15%)(30%)

Subject matter

The Sacred and Profane Theatre Origins
1. The Greek drama: Aristotles «Poetics» (335 b.C.) and Sophocles «Oedipus King» (429 b.C.)
1.1 - Tragedies: Aeschylus «Prometheus Bound» (472 b.C.) and Sophocles’ «Antigone» (441 b.C.)
1.2 - Comedy: Aristophanes «The Clouds» (423 b.C.)
2. The first national Portuguese stagings: Gil Vicente
2.1 - «O Auto do Vaqueiro» (1502)
2.2 - «Auto da Barca do Inferno» (1517)
2.3 - «Pranto de Maria Parda» (1522)
2.4 - «As Cortes de Júpiter» (1521)
3. Almeida Garrett´s re-founding of the Portuguese Theatre:
3.1 - Tragedy: «Frei Luis de Sousa» (1843)
3.2 - Comedies: «Um Auto de Gil Vicente» (1838); «Falar Verdade a Mentir» (1846); «As Profecias do Bandarra» (1848);
4. Inheritances and modern remakes:
4.1 Prometheus as a figuration of modernity: Mary Shelleys «Frankenstein»; Riddley Scotts «Prometheus» (film,
4.2 - Sophocles «Antigone», Teatro Nacional D. Maria II (2019), staging by Mónica Garnel; Sophie Deraspe’s «Antigone» (film, 2019)


Programs where the course is taught: