Chemistry of the Elements
This subject has the objective of rationalizing the diversity of inorganic compounds exhibited by the Main Group elements of the Periodic Table.
António Jorge Dias Parola, Carlos Lodeiro Espino
Weekly - 4
Total - 57
1 - W. Henderson, Main Group Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2000.
2 - F. A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, P. L. Gaus, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed., Wiley, 1995.
3 - P. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller, F. Armstrong, Srhriver & Atkins’ Inorganic Chemistry, 5th ed., Oxford University Press, 2010.
4 - C. E. Housecroft, A. G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, 4th Ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2012.
5 – R. Chang, Química, 11th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2013.
Learning is done with help of power point presentations, made on the TP classes, which contain figures, tables and graphics and allows a systematic study of the elements and their compounds, it is intended to put the student in contact with a recent bibliography in the area. Solve problems related to the theoretical and practical classes and achieving the practical work that will allow them to experience and corroborate the theory learned and to develop in the student the ability to comment and criticize. At the end of the practical work is handed a questionnaire with questions relating to the work performed. The assessment is made as a weighted average of the theoretical and practical note.
By tests (2 tests) or by exam. The 2 tests will take place on the following dates: 231120 (16h30) and 110121 (9h30).
Lab work with delivery of the respective questionnaires, for both lab and online lessons. Only students with positive grade (≥9.5) in the lab part wii be able to complete the subject.
The final grade (NF) will be given by:
NF = 0.20 x P + 0.80 x T
where P is the grade of the practical part and T the grade of the theoretical part, both rounded to one decimal.
The grade of the lab part is the average of the scores of the questionnaires adjusted with the component of continuous assessment during the laboratory classes.
The theoretical grade is the average of the tests (mandatory). This average must be equal to or greater than 9.5. If NT<9.5, students have the chance to go to an exam covering the theoretical part.
1. Theoretical lessons
1.1. Introduction. Review of atomic structure: quantum numbers, orbitals, electronic configuration. Effective nuclear charge. Periodic table trends.
1.2. Main group chemistry.
1.2.1. Group 1: hydrogen and alcaline metals. Solubility of salts in water: lattice energy, hydration enthalpy, solution enthalpy.
1.2.2. Group 2: alkaline earth metals.
1.2.3. Group 13.
1.2.4. Group 14.
1.2.5. Group 15. Redox representations: Latimer, Frost and Pourbaix diagrams.
1.2.6. Group 16.
1.2.7. Groups 17 and 18: halogens and noble gases.
1.3. REDOX reactions and their representation.
1.3.1. Basic concepts in REDOX chemistry.
1.3.2. Diagrammatic presentation of potential data: Latimer, Frost and Pourbaix diagrams.