Invertebrates Paleontology

Objectives

Promote specialized skills in Invertebrate Paleontology, including morphology, classification, evolution and phylogeny, biostratigraphy and palaeoecology of taxonomic groups of the fossil record;
Develop knowledge on Portuguese Paleontology, considering the fossil sites and stratigraphic intervals;
Reveal the scientific, didactic and historical importance of fossil invertebrates.

General characterization

Code

10931

Credits

6.0

Responsible teacher

Ligia Nunes de Sousa Pereira de Castro, Paulo Alexandre Rodrigues Roque Legoinha

Hours

Weekly - 3

Total - 72

Teaching language

Português

Prerequisites

Available soon

Bibliography

Boardman, R.S.; Cheetham, A.H. Albert & Rowell, J. (1987) - Fossil invertebrates. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Palo Alto, 713 p. 

Briggs, E.G. & Crowther, P.R. eds. (1990) – “Palaeobiology. A synthesis”. Blackwell Sc. Publ., Oxford, 583 p. 

Carvalho, I.S. (2001) – “Paleontologia”. Editora Interciência, Rio de Janeiro, 629 p. 

Clarkson, E.N.K. (1998) – “Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution”. 4th. Edition. Blackwell Sci., Cambridge, 452 p. 

Ziegler, B. (1983) – “Introduction to Palaeobiology. General Palaeontology”. Ellis Horwood Eds. Ser. Geol., Chichester, 225 p.

Teaching method

The programmatic contents will be taught through expositive theoretical lessons and practical lessons in the laboratorial handling of collections of specimens. These activities will be complemented with one or more field and/or museum classes.

Evaluation method

Available soon

Subject matter

1.General concepts
Invertebrates and metazoans
Importance on modern biosphere and during the Phanerozoic
Biostratigraphic relevance
Palaeoecology

2.Biodiversity and Fossil Record
Diversity of modern invertebrates
Skeletal synthesis, fossilization and preservation
Implications of fossil record bias

3.Origin and early diversification
First Metazoans
The Upper Proterozoic marine faunas
Origin and evolution of main Phyla
The meaning of Cambrian radiation
Mass extinctions

4.Main phyla (morphology, classification, evolution and phylogeny, biostratigraphic, palaeoecologic and biogeographic importance)
Phylum: Porifera/Cnidaria/Briozoa/Brachipoda/Mollusca/Echinodermata/Annelida/Arthropoda/Hemichordata

5.The Invertebrates on the Portuguese Palaeontology
Historical synthesis
Main stratigraphic intervals with fossil record
Mains fossil sites
Museological collections
Scientific importance and heritage

6.Exceptional sites (lagerstätten)

7.Conclusions

Programs

Programs where the course is taught: