Students are introduced to the basic of Electronics.

Since some of the students did not have any exposition to Electric Circuits Theory, an introduction is required.

The prevalent idea is to prepare students for the subsequent disciplines in Electronics and Instrumentation, giving them a solid background in the basics of diodes, bipolar junction transistors  and field effect transistors. An introduction to Operational Amplifiers is also covered. Being a subject for Biomedical Engineering an emphasis is put on circuits involving bio-signals amplifiers.

Patient electric safety is introduced

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Arnaldo Manuel Guimarães Batista


Weekly - 5

Total - 100

Teaching language



Students are required to have a background in college calculus and electromagnetics.


Sedra & Smith: Microelectronic Circuits. Oxford University Press

Razavi, Fundamentals of Microelectronics, Wiley

 M. Medeiros Silva, Introdução aos Circuitos Eléctricos e Electrónicos, M. Medeiros Silva, Fundação C. Gulbenkian

Teaching method

As aulas práticas e teórico-práticas serão leccionadas no regime online.

Apenas os exames serão presenciais.

No entanto os alunos deverão inscrever-se nos turnos práticos cumprindo todas as regras que era habitual existirem, nomeadamente o limite de alunos por turmas, etc.

Os alunos não poderão frequentar as aulas práticas se não estiverem nelas inscritos.

As  aulas práticas, apesar de serem dadas em regime online, serão de presença controlada. A ideia é aproximar o regime online o mais possível do regime presencial.

Para tornar o ensino online eficiente e produtivo apelo aos alunos para se munirem dos meios necessários para as aulas  de videoconferência, que devem incluir uma web câmara, pois nas aulas práticas vai ser necessário fazer controle de presenças através de uma identificação.


Theoretical classes, Laboratory classes where students implement and set-up electronic circuits with report, homework assignments, Final Project with reports. Problem solution classes every other week.
An emphasis is put on the applications and practical aspects of electronic circuits


Evaluation method

Some of the practical classes can be in thr DEE Lab

Final= 60% Tests+ 40% Lab

mini test ( test 1) : 10%  (The existence of this test will depend on the online teaching evolution)

test nº1:; 45%

test nº2:  45%

Threshold  (0.1*teste1+.45*teste2+.45*teste3)>=9.5



B- Three Labs 60% 

Lab 1 (20%):

Lab 2 (20%):

Lab 3 (20%):

Final Project: 40%

Acess condition:  Average in Lab1. Lab2, Lab3 and Final Project >=9.5

Final Project mark above 9.5 

Subject matter

 Review of Electric Circuits analysis.

 Diodes. Circuits with diodes. Rectifiers, Stabilizers, Limiting and Clamping Circuits. The Zener diode and applications.

Bipolar Junction Transistor : polarization and  small signals model. Common Emitter, Common Base and Common Collector. Current Sources. Multi-Stage Amplifier. Impedance matching.

Field Effect Transistor: MOSFET (Enhancement and Depletion) channel n and p. Polarization and small signal models. Amplifiers.

Differential Pair: polarization and small signal model.


Introduction to Operational Amplifiers. The inverting and non-inverting configuration. The adder. Difference Amplifier. Instrumentation Amplifier. Common Mode. Slew-Rate. 

CMOS Logic Circuits

Patient Electric Safety


Programs where the course is taught: