Energy and Environment


Acquisition of knowlegde, ability and expertise (1) Energetic needs and their dependence upon the industrial and economic development; (2) Management of available energetic resources in the short, middle and long run, their costs and supply constritions; (3) Development of the regional energies and development of new technologies to improve the energetic self-sufficient conditions of countries and regions. 

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria Margarida Boavida Pontes Gonçalves, Nuno Carlos Lapa dos Santos Nunes


Weekly - 4

Total - 56

Teaching language



Not predicted


Main book:

R. Hinrichs and M. Kleinbach (2006) Energy: its use and the Environment. Thomson, 4th edition, 595 pp. (ISBN0-495-01085-5)

Secondary book:

J.J.E. Santana e M.J. Resende (2006) Reflectir Energia. ETEP, 191 pp. (ISBN972-8480-14-8)

Teaching material made available in webpage of the course at Moodle@FCT

Teaching method

Theoretical and theorico-practical lectures thaught in classrooms with oral communication of the teaching programme and resolution of exercises. Teaching activity supported by a webpage in Moodle@FCT platform where all the teaching materials are available (slides of lectures; solved problems; additional problems; tests).

Evaluation method

Two theoretical tests (TT1 and TT2) and two theorico-practical tests (TTP1 and TTP2).

The theoretical classification (CT) is obtained as follows:

CT = 0.50 * TT1 + 0.50 * TT2

The theorico-practical classification (CTP) is obtained as follows:

CTP = 0.50 * TTP1 + 0.50 * TTP2

The final classification (CF) is calculated as follows:

CF = 0.60 * CT + 0.40 * CTP

The student succeed if CF ≥ 9.50 (in 20). The student does not succeed if CF < 9.50 (in 20).

The students must do the Final Exam if CF < 9.50 (in 20), or no test was done by the student. 

The students can do the Final Examination if they want to improve the CF score obtained in the tests.

Subject matter

1. Definition of Energy. Energy Use and the Environment. Patterns on the Energy Use.

2. Energy Resources. Consumption of Energy Resources. Oil - a limited and limiting resource.

3. Energy Save - economical and environmental considerations.

4. Mechanics and Energy - relation with fossil and renewable energies.

5. Energy Conservation - energy transfer through solid surfaces; energy conservation in houses.

6. Heat and Work - heat engines; yield rates; combustion systems.

7. Thermal Conversion Technologies - characteristics and environmental impacts.


Programs where the course is taught: