Advanced ceramics


To study  the processing methods, properties and applications of advanced ceramics. To learn about the characteristics of several types of functional ceramics and of structural ceramics, and to learn about the selection of these materials for different technological applications.


General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria Margarida Rolim Augusto Lima


Weekly - 4

Total - 60

Teaching language



It is advisable to enroll in this subject only after having attended and taken the subject of Ceramic and Glass Materials and Ceramic and Glass Technology


-"Concise Encyclopedia of Advanced Ceramic Materials ",  R. J. Brook (ed.), 1991
 -"Introduction to Fine Ceramics, Applications in Engineering", N. Ichinose, John Wiley & Sons, 1987

-"Ceramic Processing and Sintering",  M. N. Rahaman, Marcell Dekker Inc. , 1995

- "Materials Science and Tecnology, A Comprehensive Treatment" ,Ed. R. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E. J. Kramer, vol.17 A, 17 B"Processing of Ceramics" vol. ed. R. J. Brook 

 -"Electroceramics", A. J. Moulson, J. M. Herbert, Chapman and Hall, 1989

 -“Ceramic Materials for Electronics, Processing, Properties and Aplications"2nd ed. Revised and Expanded, Ed. R. C. Buchanan, Marcell Dekker Inc., 1991

-“Dielectric Ceramics : Processing, Properties and Applications" Ceramics Transactions, vol. 32, K. M. Nair, J. P. Guhsa, A. Okamoto, 1993

- "Ceramic Matrix Composites", K. K. Chawla, Chapman and Hall, 1993

- "Glass-Ceramic Materials" Z. Strnad, Elsevier, 1986

Teaching method

Theoretical-practical classes (using computer resources).

Laboratory classes (given in the Ceramics and Glass laboratory). These classes may include a theoretical and practical part (for problem solving and case study).

Evaluation method

The evaluation consists of 3 evaluation moments: Test1 (40%) + Test2 (40%) + Form with presentation and treatment of data from practical classes and discussion (20%).

The final score being N = 0.4T1 + 0.4T2 + 0.2P

2/3 of the practical work is required

Exam exemption: N greater than or equal to 10

Subject matter

Theoretical classes:
Technical ceramic manufacturing methods - Powder synthesis processes: by solid state reactions; from liquid solutions (precipitation, hydrothermal synthesis, evaporation, atomization, via sol-gel); presence of gas phase (nitridation, chemical vapor deposition, CVD). Powder consolidation and densification methods: isostatic pressing, belt processing, mold injection, hot pressing, isostatic hot pressing (HIP), final finishing, quality control). Glass ceramic processing. Characterization of technical ceramics (microstructural analysis; structure-microstructure-properties relationships; surface analysis).
Advanced ceramics: properties, applications and evaluation of these ceramics: functional ceramics (insulators, substrates, dielectrics, piezoelectric and pyroelectric, ferroelectric, electro-optical, semiconductors, ionic and magnetic conductors); structural ceramics (thermal shock and oxidation resistant, wear resistant, carbon and graphite composite ceramics). Concrete applications of special high-tech ceramics (eg electrical and electronic devices, gas sensors, biomaterials, cutting tools, bearings, gas turbines, nuclear industry).
Laboratory practical classes:
-Synthesis of a ceramic powder by sol-gel method
- Particle size distribution analysis of a ceramic powder by laser diffractometry
- Differential thermal analysis
- Thermogravimetric Analysis
- Dilatometric thermal analysis
- Study of the devitrification of a glass


Programs where the course is taught: