In this discipline will be introduced the concepts and formalisms of Biomechanics framed with examples of applications and the laboratory classes.
It is intended that at the end of the course, students demonstrates the bases for the understanding and application of key models used in Biomechanics and resulting equations, particularly in the study of movement and joints, mechanical properties of bones, contraction of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles.
Valentina Borissovna Vassilenko
Weekly - 4
Total - Available soon
1. Lectures Notes on Biomechanics - Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL
2.Fung, Y. C. Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, 2nd ed., 1993, ISBN: 978-0-387-97947-2
3.B.H.Brown, et.al. Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
4.Panjabi, M.M. and White A.A. “Biomechanics in the Musculoskeletal System”, 1st. ed., Churchill Levingtone , 2001
5. Seeley, T.D.Stephens, P.Tate Anatomia e Fisiologia, Lusodidacta, 2001
6. www.fct.unl.pt à Biblioteca à e-Books à The Biomedical Engineering Handbook; Vol.1, 2nd Edition,Ed.J.D.Bronzino, CRC Press LLC, 2000
7. Biomechanical Systems: Techniques & Applications, Vol. I Computer Techniques and Computational Methods in Biomechanics; Vol. III, Musculoskeletal Models & Techniques;
8. Problems for Biomechanics and Hemodynamics – Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL
9. Protocols for Laboratory Lessons – Valentina Vassilenko, FCT/UNL
Teaching consists of three components:
- Lectures (TEOR), where the fundamental concepts of the chair are transmitted, exemplified and discussed.
- Practical component (PRAT) that consists of performing of 3 laboratory sessions. This component provides learning of measurements of physiological signals of the human body by Biopac equipment, as well as analyse and interprets the results.
- Seminar (SEM) which consists of the preparation of work on a topic proposed by Professor.
The PRAT and SEM are performed by groups of two students
1- Introduction to Biomechanics
Definitions and History of Biomechanics.
Methods and measurements in Biomechanics.
2 - Kinematics and Kinetics
Global and local referential
Center of gravity
Kinematic calculus from the experimental data
3 - Mechanical properties of tissues
Mechanical loads on the human body
Relationship Stress / Strain
Elastic solids. Bones
Viscoelasticity. Modelling of the viscoelastic properties
4 - Biomechanics of muscle contraction
Types of muscles. Skeletal muscle.
Sliding filament theory;
Electrical properties of muscles: action potential; neuromuscular junction;
Motor unit and muscle contraction;
Experimental measurements - Electromyography;
Types of muscle contraction.
5 - Heart Biomechanics
Cardiac muscle. Main differences from skeletal muscle.
Contraction of the cardiac muscle.
Electrical properties and relationship to mechanical events.
Modified Hill''s equation for cardiac muscle. Modelling of the cardiac muscle.
6 - Biomechanics of Motion and Joints
Classification of joints & types of motion
Kinematics of joints
Simulation & Modelling
Laboratory sessions: the laboratorial activity consists in performing works by each student in group of 2 of the following practical works:
2. Electromyography & Dynamometry
Programs where the course is taught: