General Organic Chemistry B
Background knowledge in Organic Chemistry for a future Materials or Nanotechnology Engineer:
1. Nomenclature - Application of IUPAC rules in the naming of compounds and in the design of organic compound structures, indicating, where appropriate, stereochemistry. Associated use of common names, if any.
2. Chemical Bonding - Description of the structure and properties of organic molecules using the principles of chemical bonding and hybridization.
3. Mechanisms - Characterization of reactions and mechanisms involving organic compounds. 4. Spectroscopy - Use (basic) of the most common spectroscopic techniques (NMR, IR, UV / Vis, MS) in determining the molecular structure of organic compounds.
5. Laboratory Safety - Working in the Chemical Laboratory using appropriate procedures so that the routine includes safety practices and techniques in the handling of chemical compounds, glassware and laboratory equipment. Application of special precautions when using compounds of greater caution and / or toxicity.
6. Notebook - Proper recording of safety data, chemical properties and laboratory results in a scientific laboratory notebook; interpretation of the results descriptively using the appropriate notations and scientific knowledge bases.
7. Application of mathematics in quantitative problem solving
8. Use and maintenance of the Laboratory Notebook according to scientific standards.
9. Application of the principles of scientific ethics and academic integrity.
João Paulo da Costa Noronha
Weekly - 4
Total - 60
The design of this course takes into consideration the expected high diversity of of first year students of Engineering regarding chemistry background.
- Organic Chemistry (5th edition) by Paula Yurkanis Bruice
- Organic Chemistry with Biological Applications 2e by John E. McMurry
- Streitwieser, A.; Heathcock, C.; Kosower, E. “Introduction to Organic Chemistry”, MacMillan, 4ª Ed., 1992
- Volhardt, K.; Schore, N.E. “Organic Chemistry”, W.H. Freeman & Co., 3ª Ed., 1999
Support Materials for classes:
- Gaspar, E. "Guia de Laboratório de Química Orgânica Geral B", Febreiro, 2019
- Gaspar, E "Folhas de Problemas e Problemas resolvidos" (available in Clip platform before classes)
This course uses Team-Based Learning, TBL, http://www.teambasedlearning.org .
The unit is organised in 6 modules. Before each module, students are provided with the learning material and a list of specific objectives. Before the first class of each module, each student must answer an individual test (Readiness Assurance Test). The same test is answer by teams in class, followed by a mini-lecture to solve the test, discuss doubts and reinforce the most difficult points.
In the other classes of the module, teams are challenged with application activities, including lab works.
Class evaluation: 50%, Final exam (or 2 written tests): 50%
Minimum mark in exam (or tests): 9,5.
Mark for class activities=average of individual tests (25%) and team results (30% labs, 70% team works). Mark corrected by peer evaluation (team mark x points received by colleagues/100).
1. Introduction. Strucure of organic compounds. Covalent bonds. Hybridisation. Resonance and aromaticity. Functional groups. Physical properties.
2. Reactivity in Organic Chemistry. Kinetics and thermodinamics. Reaction mechanisms. Acidity and basicity.
3. Saturated hydrocarbons. Isomerism, Conformational analysis. Radical reactions.
5. Nucleophylic substitution and elimination reactions. Mechanisms and rectivity.
6. Examples of radical reactions. Mechanism and reactivity.
7. Unsaturated hydrocarbons. Addition reactions. Reactions of aromatic compounds.
8. Carbonyl compounds.
10. Basic spectroscopic concepts ((NMR, IR, UV/Vis, MS)