Infection: Etiology, Pathogenesis and Therapeutical Bases


The main objective of the Unit is to initiate students in the study of infectious diseases and their agents. 
The program, theoretical and practical, aims to give future medical practitioners the tools that will enable them to understand the dynamics of the relationship between the human host and the microbial parasite and guide them in their future clinical practice in what concerns the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. With this intent, the teaching contents result from the collaboration of the teams of Microbiology and Pharmacology of the FCM.
At the end of the course, students should be able to use scientific language in the area of infectious diseases to allow them, in subsequent years, to understand the importance of Microbiology and Pharmacology applied to infection in different medical specialties. 
Given a clinical infection scenario, the student should be able to identify the etiologic agents most likely involved and indicate the diagnostic methods to be used.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Prof. Doutor Paulo Paixão


Weekly - Available soon

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





Microbiologia Médica. Helena Barroso, António Meliço Silvestre, Nuno Taveira. 2014, Lidel.
Medical Microbiology, Patrick Murray, Ken Rosenthal, Michael Pfaller. 9th edition, 2020, Elsevier Ltd.

Teaching method

Theoretical classes are taught by the teachers of the curricular unit, according to their respective specializations. They take the form of an expository class, in which themes considered fundamental will be approached, providing data that guide students towards a more detailed individual study. In the next academic year the theoretical classes will be given on an e-learning basis (recorded lessons, possibly with some given live using platforms such as zoom).
The practical classes, lasting two hours a week, are organized in classes with about 11-12 students and guided by a teacher. The first 4 practical classes will be face-to-face, with classes of 11-12 students divided in half, that is, this first 4 face-to-face classes will have a maximum of 5-6 students per class; the others will be taught live using the zoom platform. This means that, for the next academic year and due to the restrictions imposed by the pandemic, of the first 4 face-to-face practical classes, the student will only have to come to one, since his original class will be divided into 4.
Time changes are not allowed; if the student is not able to come in his schedule, he can request to attend at another time, but will always be absent that week.

Evaluation method

The UC evaluation is carried out through practical evaluation during the class period (20%) and evaluation in a final exam (80%). The practical assessment (which includes the minimum number of attendance and 2 assessments in practical classes) is a criterion for admission to the final assessment test.

Subject matter

Introduction to Clinical Microbiology
Pathogenicity mechanisms. Vaccination and passive immunization
Diagnosis in Clinical Microbiology
Antibacterial agents
Pathogen / host relationship
Serum concentrations of antimicrobials. Objectives and interpretation
Antifungal agents
Antiviral agents
Antiparasitic agents


Programs where the course is taught: