Ancient Philosophy Themes


a) to acquire a deeper knowledge of the most important figures in ancient philosophical thought and of some of their texts.
b) to acquire a deeper understanding of the specificity of ancient philosophy as a foundational moment in and the beginning of the philosophical tradition.
c) to acquire a deeper knowledge of the main lines of development of ancient philosophy.
d) to develop the ability to identify concepts, methodological and doctrinal positions in the context of ancient philosophy.
e) to Acquire a thorough knowledge of ancient philosophical terminology and its role in the genesis of philosophical terminology.
f ) To acquire the critical and independent reading skills of some fundamental philosophical texts of ancient philosophy.
g ) To develop the ability to identify connections between problems and concepts of ancient philosophy and current philosophical questions.
h ) To acquire the basic ability of problem research in Ancient Philosophy.


General characterization





Responsible teacher

Paulo Alexandre Pinto dos Anjos da Silva Lima


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language





Aristóteles, Poética, trad. Ana Maria Valente, Lisboa, F.C. Gulbenkian, 20186.

Sófocles, Antígona, trad. Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira, Lisboa, F.C. Gulbenkian, 201811.

Hölderlin, Sämtliche Werke, 3 vols., ed. Michael Knaupp, München, Carl Hanser, 20192.

Nietzsche, O nascimento da tragédia e Acerca da verdade e da mentira, trad. Teresa Cadete, Lisboa, Relógio d’Água, 1997.

Teaching method

The syllabus resorts two main activities. In the first hour we will read, expose and explain the fundamental key concepts and the theoretical frameworks of the texts at stake. In the second hour we will be interpreting and analysing the texts with the students in order to promote a debate about alternative views, possible objections, argumentation and expression.

Evaluation method

Método de avaliação - A written essay (30%), written examination by the end of the semester(70%)

Subject matter

The seminar will have as its unifying theme the tragic as it was understood in ancient Greek thought and also its reception in modern thought. We will begin with a brief analysis of Aristotle’s Poetics, followed by a thorough reading of the 1st stasimon of Sophocles’ Antigone. Hölderlin’s translations of Sophocles, his reflections on the tragic, as well as Nietzsche’s The Birth of Tragedy, will provide us with the necessary material to approach the reception of the tragic in modernity.


Programs where the course is taught: