a) Recognize Prehistory as an essential scientific domain for a critical view of the History of Humanity;
b) Know and interpret, (synchronously and diachronically), the various stages of the hominization process, such as the dynamics of the appearance and development of the first human societies, from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age;
c) Assess the relative importance of an archaeological testimony, identifying and relating the elements necessary for the construction and critical support of the historiographical discourse;
d) Know the most recent and updated trends in scientific production in terms of historiographical analysis and synthesis;
e) Be able to expose the acquired knowledge in a problematic way, making use of specific vocabulary and integrating them in the conceptual universe of the discipline;
f) Possess knowledge and skills that enable the deepening of the study of Prehistory.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

João Carlos Muralha Cardoso


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language



Available soon


ARSUAGA, J., MARTINEZ, I., (1998) La espécie elegida. La larga marcha de la evolucion humana, Temas de Hoy
BOYD, R.; SILK, J.B. (2009). How humans evolved (5th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton. ANT 1227 (UNLFCSH/BMSC) – 57707
COPPENS, Y., e PICQ, P. (dir.) (2001), Aux origines de l’Humanité, Vol.1 e 2, Paris, Librairie Arthème Fayard.
CUNLIFE, Barry, (2001), The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe, Oxford University Press
EIROA, Juan, (2000), Nociones de Prehistoria General, Barcelona, Editorial Ariel.
GOSDEN, Chris, (2003), Prehistory, A very short introduction, Oxford University Press.
HUBLIN, Jean-Jacques, (2007), Quand d’autres homes peuplaient la Terre, Flammarion.
RENFREW, C.; BAHN, P. G. (2016). Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice (7th ed.). London: Thames e Hudson. ARQ REF 4 (UNLFCSH) – 64480
SCARRE, Chris, (2005), The Human Past, Londres, Thames and Hudson.
VV.AA. (1996), História da Humanidade, Vol.1-A Pré-história e o início da Civilização, Lisboa, editorial

Teaching method

In-person classes with a theoretical and practical nature, with abundant use of images (specific iconography), and critical analysis of texts.

Evaluation method

Evaluation Methodologies - Critical review(50%), Written test in person(50%)

Subject matter

0. Introduction: The study of the human past.
0.1 Prehistory and Prehistoric Archeology.
0.2 Genesis and development of prehistoric studies.
0.3 The geological and chronological framework.
1. The hominization process.
1.1 Theoretical models on the evolution of species.
1.2 From first primates to first hominids.
1.3 Hominids spread around the world.
1.4 Neanderthal man and modern men.
2. Hunter-gatherer societies.
2.1 Technologies and livelihood strategies.
2.2 The first graves and artistic manifestations of the Upper Paleolithic.
2.3 A new environmental framework; the Holocene.
2.4. The Mesolithic hunter-gatherers; the broad-spectrum economy.
3. The Neolithic.
3.1 Beginning of the production economy.
3.2 The Neolithic and Neolithization
3.3 Monumental constructions in Atlantic Europe; the “megalithism”.
4. Transformation of agrarian societies: The Chalcolithic and the Bronze Age.


Programs where the course is taught: