History and Civilization of Islam


a) List the different dimensions of space-time history of Islam since the Hijrah until the eighteenth century.
b) Identify the major political, economic, social and cultural processes that characterized the history of Islam since the Hijrah until the eighteenth century.
c) Understand the specificity of the islamic religion and civilization,
d) Know the main historiographical interpretations of the subjects studied.
e) Know the basic bibliography of the subject and be able to work with historical documents of the same.
f) Develop ability to communicate orally and in writing, integrating integrating the vocabulary and specific categories of Islam’s history

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Alexandra Maria Pinheiro Pelúcia


Weekly - 4

Total - 168

Teaching language





- HUGHES, Aaron W., Muslim Identities. An Introduction to Islam, Nova Iorque, Columbia University Press, 2013.
- LAPIDUS, Ira M., A History of Islamic Societies, Nova Iorque, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
- SOURDEL, Dominique & Janine Sourdel (dir.), Dictionnaire Historique de l’Islam, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1996.

Teaching method

Theoretical lessons are based in lectures conducted by the teacher. Practical lessons are based on the discussion of topics by students, under the guidance of the teacher, using the presentation, analysis and commentary of documental sources, critical bibliography, audiovisual products, maps and other iconographic materials

Evaluation method

Essay(50%), Written test (50%)

Subject matter

I. Introduction
1.1. Basic concepts
1.2. The age of "ignorance" and the genealogy of the monotheisms
II. The Foundations of Faith and State
2.1. Muhammad, religious and political leader
2.2. The sacred text
2.3. The Prophet´s Sayings
2.4. The pillars of faith and religious experience
III. The Internal Fractures
3.1. The problem of succession
3.2. Kharijite, Shi´a and Sunni doctrines
IV. Classical Islam
4.1. The wave of expansion
4.2. The relationship with the other People of the Book
4.3. The Arab empire of the Umayyads
4.4. The Muslim Abbasid empire
V. Islam in Anguish
5.1. The emergence of regional centers of power
5.2. The genesis of the role of the Turks
5.3. The Crusades and the counter-offensive
5.4. The Mongols, from conquerors to converted
VI. "Barbarian" Islam
6.1. The Islamization of India and maritime Asia
6.2. The Mamluk and Timurid Empires
6.3. The Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal Empires


Programs where the course is taught: