History of Museums and Museology


a) To know the fundamental landmarks in the history of museums;
b) To now and reflect on the multiplicity of the museological field and essential aspects of its complexity;
c) To exercise critical analysis of exhibition spaces.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Alexandra Curvelo da Silva Campos


Weekly - 3

Total - 280

Teaching language





AMBROSE, T.; PAINE, C. – Museum Basics. London: Routledge, 2012
BENNETT, Tony – The birth of the museum. London; N.Y.: Routledge, 1995
DESVALLÉES, André; MAIRESSE, François (Dir.) – Dictionnaire encyclopédique de muséologie. Paris: Armand Colin, 2011
GOUVEIA, Henrique Coutinho – Museologia e Etnografia em Portugal. Instituições e personalidades. Lisboa, Tese de Doutoramento, NOVA FCSH, 1997
HOOPER-GREENHILL, Eilean – Museums and the Interpretation of Visual Culture. London and New York: Routledge, 2000
_______ Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge. London and New York: Routledge, 1992
MACDONALD, Sharon (Ed.) – A Companion to Museum Studies. Blackwell Publishing, 2006
PEARCE, Susan – Interpreting objects and collections. London: Routledge, 1994
______ Objects of knowledge. London: The Athlone Press, 1990
SILVA, Raquel Henriques da – “Os museus: Histórias e prospectiva”, PERNES, Fernando (Dir.), Século XX. Panorama da cultura portuguesa. Porto: Edições Afrontamento, 2002, 3º Vol.: 65-108

Teaching method

Theoretical presentation with the support of images, complemented by the discussion of texts and, if possible, visits to collections and museums. All evaluation elements are mandatory.

Evaluation method

Evaluation Methodologies - participating in each class by reading and discussing the subjects and / or the texts proposed in the 1st class and available on the Inforestudante platform(50%), written individual exam(50%)

Subject matter

The program of study settled for this course is meant to provide students with a solid foundation for critical knowledge of the realities and problems of museums throughout their history as well as their contemporary challenges. It is structured according to six core guidelines of study and discussion:
1. General introduction to the concept of Museum according to ICOM (2004) and the General Law for the Portuguese Museums (2007);
2. The origin of the Museum;
3. Museums and collecting in early modern times;
4. Museums in the 19th century (European and extra-European context);
5. The Museums in Portugal from the 18th to the 20th century;
6. Contemporary debates.


Programs where the course is taught: